Injury Prevention for Child Care Providers Jama Willbanks, MS, NREMT-P
Indoor Safety Toys Outdoor & Playground Safety Emergency Procedures Topics
Iceland has the lowest child mortality rates of all of the developed countries! Fun Fact
Cuts, scrapes, bruises • Head injuries • Broken bones, dislocations • Internal injuries
Poisoning • Drowning • Burns • Choking, Suffocation, Strangulation
Infant injury rates are low. • Injury rates increase with age. • Children 2-5 years old have the highest rate. • At age 5 number of injuries in boys increases compared to that of girls.
•Falls •Involvement with other children •Colliding with objects •Contact with objects •Motor vehicle accidents •Bicycle accidents •Drowning
Late in the morning and Late in the afternoon
Why are children injured? •Lack of safety knowledge •Lack ability (imitation of others) •Hazards in the environment and access to toxic materials
Why are children injured? •Lack of safety precautions and supervision •Inattention to the importance of using safety devices
Section 1: Indoor Safety and Health
Safety Stickers/Posters Every phone should have 911 stickers and a number for the nearest poison control center: 1-800-222-1222.
Ongoing Safety and Monitoring Environmental changes can occur almost daily; new children are present, new furniture and equipment, pets, seasons change. Every change should initiate a safety evaluation.
Toy Chests / Shelves Faulty latches can be a problem. Latch must keep top open until it is pushed close.
Chests must also have room for air flow as this one does with a space under the lid. Toy Chests / Shelves
Safe Toys--up to 1 year • Large blocks of wood or plastic • Pots and pans • Soft washable animals, dolls or balls • Toys that make noises
Safe toys--Up to 1 year • Busy boards • Squeeze toys • Bright movable objects out of baby’s reach
Safe toys--1 to 2 years •Cloth or plastic books with large pictures • Stacking toys • Balls • Large blocks
Safe toys--1 to 2 years •Push or pull toys without long strings • Toy telephone but without long cord
Safe toys-- 3 to 6 *Books (short or action) *Building blocks *Crayons & Nontoxic paints *Housekeeping toys *Outdoor toys (sandbox with lid, slide, playhouse)
Safe toys-- 3 to 6 *Transportation toys *Tape player *Puzzles (large pieces) *Chalkboards *Balls *Simple board games *Dramatic play toys
Safety Lessons Teach children important safety lessons such as stop-drop-and-roll, how to call 911, stranger danger, etc.
Teach children to call 9-1-1, not 9-eleven. Children will look for the eleven button on the phone.
Section 2: Outdoor Safety/Travel Safety
Are bubbles safe? Children can become exhausted and their head can go below water level.