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Bell Ringer

Bell Ringer. What does the word “Culture” mean to you? What is your culture? Where is your family originally from?. Patterns of Settlement. Why do people settle where they do?. Higher population where factors are better, lower where life is harder. Climate – temperate, desert, tropical

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Bell Ringer

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  1. Bell Ringer What does the word “Culture” mean to you? What is your culture? Where is your family originally from?

  2. Patterns of Settlement

  3. Why do people settle where they do? Higher population where factors are better, lower where life is harder. • Climate – temperate, desert, tropical • Transportation Networks – rail, road, river, harbors • Resources – mining, agriculture, water supplies • Economics – ease of trade, nearby markets and customers

  4. What are urban and rural? • urban - inside or part of a city • rural – outside of the city, out in the country

  5. What is urbanization? • Rise in the number of cities Result? • Rapid changes in lifestyle or culture

  6. What is a city? • politically organized region • infrastructure • center of business and culture • innovation and technological advances • economic activity

  7. PARTS OF THE CITY? • Central Business District (CBD) = downtown areas • Suburbs – Developed areas around the CBD • Metropolitan Area- The city, its suburbs and surrounding areas • Megalopolis- Formed when several metropolitan areas grow together • Example? • Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington D.C. form the “BosWash Megalopolis”

  8. Basics of Culture

  9. Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors • shared and passed on by a group. What is Culture? How do we learn culture? • Learned from family, school, peers. • Learned from media, social institutions.

  10. What are the 8 Traits of Culture? Language Religion (beliefs / morals / mores) Food and Shelter (Types / Styles) Education Systems Security/Protection Relationships – Family and Others Political and Social Organizations Creative Expression - Recreation

  11. 1. Language • Allows for communication to exist • Helps establish cultural identities • Oral tradition - Helps pass cultural traits along through generations • There are between 3,000 and 6,500 different languages spoken in the world today • Dialect – different versions of the same basic language

  12. 2. Religion • The belief in a supernatural power or powers, responsible for the creation and maintenance of the universe • Major Types of Religions? • Monotheistic – belief in one god • Polytheistic – belief in many gods • Animistic or Traditional – belief in the forces of nature • Nontheistic – Supernatural, but no deities • Atheistic – No deities, no supernatural

  13. 3. Food and Shelter – The places we live and the things we eat

  14. 4. Education • How culture is taught or learned • Formal – Schools, Universities, Religion (church) • In-Formal – Family, Friends, Social Clubs / Groups

  15. 5. Security/Protection • Military – National Govt. • Police – Local Govt. • Family - Tribe

  16. 6. Relationships – Family and Others • Family • Friends • Classmates / Co-Workers

  17. 7. Political and social organization • Government System • Make rules and laws to keep society in order • Clubs • Examples? Boys and Girls, Boy Scouts, FFA, Optimists, • Fraternal organizations • Kiwanis, University, Veterans, Masonic etc.

  18. 8. Creative Expression - Recreation • Music • instruments, singing • Art • Paintings, sculpture, photography • Dance • Theater • Literature • Novels, Poems • Architecture • Sports • Outdoor activities • Hobbies

  19. What is your culture?

  20. Where do cultures start? • Cultural Hearth – where innovations, ideas, materials and technology begin

  21. How do cultures change and spread? Innovation – creating something new to meet a need. Can you think of an example of this? Diffusion – spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior Can you think of an example of this?

  22. How do cultures change and spread? Assimilation – smaller society adopts the culture of a majority group Can you think of an example of this? Acculturation – society accepts or adopts an innovation Can you think of an example of this?

  23. The Columbian Exchange • The exchange of animals, plants, culture and human populations including slaves, communicable diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres after 1492

  24. What are these examples of?

  25. How are cultural regions organized? • Society – a group that shares a geographic region, a sense of identity and a culture • Ethnic groups – a specific group within a society that shares a common language, customs, and heritage

  26. What is the difference between race and ethnicity? • Race – physical - biological and physical differences; skin color, cranial size and shape, and hair type. • Ethnicity – social/mental - values, institutions, and patterns of behavior within a group

  27. What is racism? Racism - One group believes it is superior to another because of race Ethnocentrism - belief that your ethnicity is superior to all others Ethnic Stereotypes - Behaviors people believe to be true about all members of an ethnic group

  28. In- Class Activity Checking on Stereotypes • On the index card, write down a stereotype that you have heard about yourself or someone you know. Do NOT put your name on it. • Give me the card, and I will shuffle it into the pile. • I will call a few people to draw cards and then read them aloud. • Tell the class how you think it would feel to be the person who was stereotyped like that. • What are some stereotypes that you have heard of? • Are they true, or are they generalizations? • Where do people learn stereotypes from? Tolerance.org

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