Final Honors Biology Exam Review 2014 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Final Honors Biology Exam Review 2014

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  1. Final Honors Biology Exam Review2014

  2. WARNING!!!!!! • This is not a substitute for your own study notes. You are to do your own preparation. I only make a few slides and I can only upload this while I am at school. Preparing for the exam is YOUR responsibility.

  3. CHAPTER 5 Label the Fluid Mosaic Model

  4. ANSWERS Carbohydrate chain glycoprotein phosphate lipid

  5. Matching • Which are active and which are passive transport? • Diffusion • Exocytosis • Phagocytosis • Osmosis • Facilitated • Ion pump

  6. Matching • Which are active and which are passive transport? • Diffusion P • Exocytosis A • Phagocytosis A • Osmosis P • Facilitated P • Ion pump A

  7. Predict the movement of water with arrows:

  8. ANSWER • Remember water moves from hypotonic to hypertonic.

  9. How is the movement of water of osmosis different in plants and animal cells?

  10. Label the diagram: • energy from exergonic reactions Energy from endergonic reactions ATP ADP + P

  11. ANSWER

  12. Which are true of enzymes? • Proteins • Reusable • Very general • Specific • Carbohydrates • Speed up a reaction • Raise activation energy • Lower activation energy

  13. Which are true of enzymes? • Proteins • Reusable • Specific • Speed up a reaction • Lower activation energy

  14. Label the type of enzyme inhibition

  15. Label the type of enzyme inhibition

  16. What kinds of endocytosis are present in this diagram?

  17. What kinds of endocytosis are present in this diagram?

  18. Label: active site and substrate of an enzyme

  19. ANSWER

  20. CHAPTER 6 • Where do these processes occur? • Krebs cycle • matrix • Citric acid cycle • matrix • Fermentation • cytoplasm • Glycolysis • cytoplasm

  21. Label the Cut and Grooming of Pyruvate

  22. ANSWER

  23. What is the role of oxygen in cellular respiration? ANSWER:Final electron acceptor

  24. Respiratory System • Label: • Pharynx • Larynx • Alveoli • Diaphragm • Lungs • Bronchi • bronchioles

  25. What is the equation for cellular respiration?

  26. What is the role of oxygen in cellular respiration? Make water Make glucose Final electron acceptor Excite electrons ANSWER: final electron acceptor

  27. How much ATP does each process make when one glucose is broken down? • Glycolysis • Krebs cycle • ETC and chemiosmosis • ANSWER: 2, 2, 34

  28. Which goes with lactic acid fermentation and which goes with alcoholic fermentation? • Produces CO2 • Produces product in animal muscles • Produces ethanol • Produced by yeast

  29. Which goes with lactic acid fermentation and which goes with alcoholic fermentation? • Produces CO2 Alcoholic • Produces product in animal muscles Lac • Produces ethanol Alcoholic • Produced by yeast Alcoholic

  30. What products are made at the end of glycolysis of glucose? • FADH2 • ATP • NADH • NADPH • ADP • Pyuruvate • OAA

  31. What products are made at the end of glycolysis of glucose?

  32. For each molecule of glucose broken down, how many are formed in Krebs cycle? ATP 2 NADH 6 FADH2 2 CO2 4

  33. What process regenerates NAD+ so glycolysis can continue? • Fermentation

  34. In what organelle do these take place? • Cellular respiration • Mitochondrion • Photosynthesis • chloroplast

  35. Find the oxidation and reduction in the cellular respiration equation:

  36. FIND: ETC, H+ ions collection, reduction of NADH2, chemiosmosis, water forming

  37. ANSWER

  38. CHAPTER 7 • Convert 400 calories to kilocalories • And to Calories: • ANSWER: • 0.4 kilocalories of 0.4 kilocalories

  39. Label the leaf and chloroplast:

  40. ANSWER

  41. ANSWER

  42. What is the chemical equation to photosynthesis?

  43. How do the equations of photosynthesis and cellular respiration compare?

  44. What is produced at the end of PSI and PSII? • Water • Oxygen • NADPH • NADH • ADP • ATP • Glucose

  45. What is produced at the end of PSI and PSII? • Oxygen • NADPH • And ATP at the end of chemiosmosis

  46. Which enzyme allows for the carbon fixation of CO2 in the Calvin Cycle? • Helicase • Calvinase • Carbase • Rubisco • ANSWER: rubisco

  47. In the LDR where do the H+ ions accumulate? • Matrix • Stroma • Thylakoid interior • Inner membrane space • ANSWER: thylakoid interior (lumen)

  48. The changing of unusable carbon into usable carbon is known as: • Glycolysis • Fixation • Respiration • Carbonation • ANSWER: fixation

  49. What is the ATP synthase used for? • H+ ions pass through this enzyme complex to turn and cause P to join ADP to make ATP. • Where is an ATP synthase found? • In membrane of thylakoid disk and also the inner membrane of the mitochondrion.