Guatemala A-Z By: Dayrin Mansilla Grade 5-ESL May, 2012
A is for Animals Guatemala has many different animals: • Quetzal • Scarlet Macaws • Toucans • Manatees
B is for Bordering Countries The countries that border Guatemala are: • Mexico • Belize • Honduras • El Salvador
C is for Cascarones Cascarones are painted eggs filled with confetti. Children make and play with them during Easter time.
D is for Date of Freedom On September 15,1821 Guatemala was freed from Spanish rule.
E is for El Son El Son is a Mayan Indian dance tradition and my family does the same tradition, too.
F is for Futbol Futbol means soccer. Soccer is the favorite sport in Guatemala.
G is for Guatemala City Guatemala City is the capital of Guatemala.
H is for Huipils Huipils [Wee-Pils] are colorful loose blouses that girls and women wear.
I is for Important People Some important people in Guatemala are Ex-President Vinicio Cereso [Mobol Peace] and Rigoberta Mench.
J is for Jungle The jungles in Guatemala have some animals like: • Spider Monkeys • Yellow Jaguars
K is for Key Facts Some cool facts about Guatemala are: • Guatemala is the third largest country in Central America. • Guatemalans call their country “The land where it is always spring”. • About 75% of Guatemala’s children go to school. • People in rural areas buy their food at outdoor markets. • The population of Guatemala is 13,824,463
L is for Language There are 2 official languages in Guatemala: • Spanish • Mayan
M is for Mango Guatemala has delicious mango and there are a lot of mango trees.
N is for Native Americans Mayan Indians are the first people who were in Guatemala and there are 23 different groups. Some of my family members speak Mayan.
O is for Ocean The oceans that border Guatemala are the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean.
P is for Panama Canal The Panama Canal is one of the most important trade routes in the world.
Q is for Quetzal The national bird of Guatemala is Quetzal. Also, the currency or money in Guatemala is Quetzal.$1.00 U.S = $7.70 G.T.Q.
R is for Religion The main religion is Roman Catholicism. Old Roman Catholicism New Roman Catholicism
S is for Spain Long time ago, Spain took over Guatemala in the 1500s. I have family who lived in Spain.
T is for Tzutes Tzutes [Zoo-Tay-sis] are a head covering for men and women.
U is for Understand Here are some English to Spanish words: Boy Niño [NEEN-yoh] Girl Niña [NEEN-yah] Good Morning Buenos Dias [bway-nohs DEE-ahs] Good Bye Adios [ah-dee-OHS] Food Comida [koh-MEE-dah] Hello Hola [OH-lah] House Casa [KAH-sah] Thank You Gracias [GRAH-see-ahs]
V is for Volcanoes In Guatemala there are 34 volcanoes. Two of Guatemala’s volcanoes are Tajumulco and Pacaya. The Pacaya volcano is the one has been the most destructive.
W is for Weave Women weave colorful patterns and the decorations and designs tell stories about their families or villages.
X is for Xylophone A marimba is a musical instrument and it looks like a large, wooden xylophone.
Y is for Yes! Yes! Guatemala is part of North America on the isthmus that connects North America to South America.
Z is for Zapote Zapote is a fruit that grows on the chicle tree.