GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES M.MartínAbeleira
Use -ing • Afterprepositions and phrasalverbs. I’mtired of getting up earlyeveryday. I’vejustgiven up smoking. • As thesubject of a sentence Eatingout can beveryexpensive. • Aftersomeverbs. I can’t stand watching TV thesedays.
Commonverbs + ing Enjoy, hate, finish, like, love, mind, practise, spend, stop, suggest and phrasalverbs.
Use to infinitive • After and adjective. The word “comfortable” is difficult to pronunce. • To express a reason or purpose. I’m saving to buy a new car (NOT FOR TO!!!!) • After some verbs. Try not to make a noise
Verbs + toinfinitive Afford, agree, decide, expect, forget, help, hope, learn, need, offer, plan, pretend, promise, refuse, remember, seem, try, want, wouldlike. There are more verbswhichtakeinfinitive + tothanthosewhich are followedbying.
Use infinitivewithoutto • Aftermodal verbs: can, must, may, might, should, etc. • Aftermake and let. MrBeanalwaysmakes me laugh. Mymomdoesn’tlet me goout at night.
Theseverbs can be followedby –ingorto: (samemeaning) - begin - start - finish - prefer
THE FOLLOWING VERBS CAN BE FOLLOWED BY GERUND OR INFINITIVE. Thereis a difference in meaning: • STOP • TRY • REMEMBER / FORGET • REGRET