Sport Psychology BtecSport
Psychology Module • Learning outcomes of this Module: 1. Know the effect of personality, concentration and motivation on sports performance 2. Know the relationship between stress, anxiety, arousal and sports performance
Quick task: what do you think psychology is about? when you hear the word psychology, what thoughts pop up in your head?
1. Personality 2. Motivation 4. Arousal & Anxiety Four Psychological Factors 3. Concentraion
1. Personality • What do you define as personality? Give me some examples.... • Personality... 1. The combination of characteristics or qualities that form an individual’s distinctive character. (Oxford dictionary)
We are now going to look at Introvert and Extrovert personalities Does anyone know what Introvert and Extrovert personalities are???
Quiet Dislike social situations feel humiliated if they make a mistake Introvert Traits like there own space and own company Do not share feelings easily Good Concentration Become irritated if surrounded by people for long periods of time
Task How many Introvert sports men/women can you think of..... For Example...... Paul Scholes
Compare their own opinions with the opinions of others Easily break unwanted relations Open and often talkative Interested in new people Extroverts Easily make new friends or adapt to a new group Say what they think Like action and initiative
Task How many Extrovert sports men/women can you think of??? For example... Dennis Rodman
HOMEWORK http://similarminds.com/eysenck.html we will do one now for me, as an example!! this link will be on the St.Joseph’s BTEC website, available to ALL of you..... go on the link and take the test!
2. Motivation What do you define as motivation? Give me some examples.... Motivation.....is the external stimulus and internal mechanisms which arouse and direct our behaviour " A Drive To Fulfil A Need" (Gill 1986)
We are now going to look at Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation Does anyone know what Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is???
Task With a partner write down as many Sports men/women who are intrinsically and extrinsically motivated
Achievement motivation Sports performers need a balance between intrinsic & extrinsic motivation. Too many extrinsic rewards (money, trophies, etc) can reduce a performer’s own intrinsic motivation (drive, passion ,etc)
ANY ONE KNOW WHAT THESE ARE? Motivation types! NAF? NACH?
NACH? Need To Achieve Strive to be the best Will not stop until they have achieved what they want. Take the challenging route in what they do. Complete tasks/goals properly Seek independence Find it rewarding to be challenged
Need To Achieve Sporting Example • Strived to become the best player in the world. • Trained alone after team training to improve his own ability. • Was motivated to improve his football ability. • Achieved his goal of becoming the worlds best player in 2008. Cristiano Ronaldo NACH
TASK List as many sports men/women who you think have a NACH Motivation type..... WHY?
NAF? Need To Avoid Failure Not the best at what they do Easy Route Relaxed Take Everything Easy Avoid Responsibility Do Not Like Being Assessed
Need To Avoid Failure Sporting Example. • Happy to sit on the Bench at Chelsea FC and now Tottenham Hotspurs FC • Always knows he will be the second choice Goalkeeper but is happy with that. • Has a laid back approach • Is happy to take the easy route • Knows he isn’t the best in Goal Carlo Cudicini NAF
3. Concentration What do you define as concentration? Give me some examples.... Concentration...is the ability of a sports performer to process information and maintain focus To process information, a sports performer has to make sense of the information they are presented with and decide on the course of action to take. If the performer becomes overloaded with information it can negatively affect their performance