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SPORT PSYCHOLOGY

SPORT PSYCHOLOGY

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SPORT PSYCHOLOGY

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  1. SPORT PSYCHOLOGY Sports Medicine 1 Lexington High School

  2. Sport Psychology • Science of Mind and Behavior • Athletes have psychological issues too • Different reactions to same injuries • Injury = Change in Social Behavior • Short term injury = < 4 wks • Long term injury = > 4 wks • Chronic vs. Terminating

  3. Reactive Phases • Reaction to Injury • Reaction to Rehabilitation • Reaction to Return • Do athletes go through all of the phases?

  4. Influences of Reactions • Coping Skills • Past Hx of injury • Social Support • Personality Traits

  5. Predictors of Injury • Injury Prone Athletes • Personality Types • Overprotective • Easily Distracted

  6. Stress • Positive • Negative • Coping Mechanisms ~ psychological or physical methods by which an individual adjusts or adapts to a challenge or stressful situation

  7. Grief and Loss • Dr. Elisabeth Kubler-Ross, On Death and Dying, 1969 • Stages of grief for loss of life applied to loss of identity from injury

  8. Kubler-Ross Grieving Process • Denial~ Failure to believe what is true • Anger~ Athlete is mad at the world • Bargaining~ Attempting to make a deal with an authority figure to change outcome • Depression~ Extreme feelings of sadness • Acceptance~ Coming to terms with outcome or prognosis

  9. ATC Response • Reassurance • Consistency and realistic • Avoid Specificity • Stay Positive • Stay Supportive • BE PROACTIVE • Expect Relapses

  10. Interventions • Often stress overcomes all parts of life • Use Buffers to allay the symptoms ~ Can this help lead to healing? • Progressive Relaxation • Imagery • Goal Setting

  11. Progressive Relaxation • Voluntary muscular contraction with deep breathing • Allows athletes to control feelings of stress and anxiety • Can help with all types of stress

  12. Imagery • Use of senses to create or recreate an experience in the mind • Visual rehearsal • Emotive imagery rehearsal • Body rehearsal

  13. Goal Setting • Gives athletes something to look forward too • Be specific in terms of physical capabilities • Avoid using specific dates and times

  14. Specific Manageable Goals Positive vs. Negative language Challenging but realistic Reasonable timetable Short, medium, long range goals Link outcome to process Internalize Goals Monitor and evaluate goals Link Sport Goals to life Goals Goal Setting Guidelines

  15. Returning to Competition • Clearance from MD & ATC • Erase invincibility feeling in athlete • EDUCATION • REHABILITATION • EDUCATION