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# Tomislav Skračić, MA Undergraduate English Course for MARI NE ENGINEERS 2nd Semester

Essential reading: SPINČIĆ, A., An English Textbook For Marine Engineers I ., Pomorski fakultet, Rijeka 2008. LUZER, J., SPINČIĆ, A., Gramatička vježbenica engleskog jezika za pomorce , Pomorski fakultet, Rijeka 2003.

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## Tomislav Skračić, MA Undergraduate English Course for MARI NE ENGINEERS 2nd Semester

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1. Essential reading: SPINČIĆ, A., An English Textbook For Marine Engineers I., Pomorski fakultet, Rijeka 2008. LUZER, J., SPINČIĆ, A., Gramatička vježbenica engleskog jezika za pomorce, Pomorski fakultet, Rijeka 2003. Tomislav Skračić, MAUndergraduate English Course forMARINE ENGINEERS2nd Semester

2. EXERCISE 1 – Give short definitions of the following terms: • THE STRESS= • THE TOUGHNESS= • THE DIRECT-REVERSIBLE ENGINE= • THE STROKE= • THE CONDENSER=

3. EXERCISE 1 – KEY • THE STRESS=internal force in a material which tends to resist deformation when subjected to external forces • THE TOUGHNESS=the property of a material to absorb a great deal of energy without fracturing; the material doesn't tend to fracture under impact load • THE DIRECT-REVERSIBLE ENGINE=which is designed to rotate in either the clockwise and counter-clockwise direction • THE STROKE=the travel of the piston between its extreme points (between TDC and BDC) • THE CONDENSER=part of the steam plant where steam is converted back into water

4. EXERCISE 2 – Name at least 5 stationary components of the engine EXERCISE 3 – Name at least 5 physical properties of materials

5. EXERCISE 2 – Name at least 5 stationary components of the engine KEY: bedplate, piston rings, fuel injector, scavenge ports, cylinder head, turbocharger, crankcase… EXERCISE 3 – Name at least 5 physical properties of materials KEY: colour, specific heat, density, thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity, coefficient of expansion, melting point…

6. EXERCISE 4– Turn the following sentences into a passive construction: 1.The arrival of the Bosun has not interrupted the Chief Officer. …………………………………………………………………….. 2.An electrically driven pump is taking the fuel oil from the tank. …………………………………………………………………...... 3.The main boiler will provide steam for the cargo pumps. …………………………………………………………………….. 4.Can we use cooling water from the engine for heating purposes? …………………………………………………………………….. 5.When you run the motor, it pulls the chain. ……………………………………………………………………..

7. EXERCISE 4– Turn the following sentences into a passive construction – KEY 1.The arrival of the Bosun has not interrupted the Chief Officer.>>> The Chief Officer has not been interrupted by the arrival of the Bodun. 2.An electrically driven pump is taking the fuel oil from the tank.>>> The fuel oil from the tank is being taken by an electrically driven pump. 3.The main boiler will provide steam for the cargo pumps.>>> Steam for the cargo pumps will be provided by the main boiler. 4.Can we use cooling water from the engine for heating purposes?>>>Can cooling water from the engine be used for heating purposes? 5.When you start the motor, it pulls the chain. >>> When the motor is started, the chain is pulled.

8. EXERCISE 5– Complete the sentences using one of these verbs in the passive:DAMAGE, SEE, REMOVE, CARRY OUT, KEEP. 1. When the overhaul _________________________ her owners decided to increase her speed. 2. The ship _________________________ in a storm last night. 3. All her derricks _________________________ recently. 4. She is far from being new, but she _______________ well _______________ by her crew. 5. The traditional freighter _______________ hardly _______________ nowadays.

9. EXERCISE 5– Complete the sentences using one of these verbs in the passive:DAMAGE, SEE, REMOVE, CARRY OUT, KEEP– KEY 1. When the overhaul was carried outher owners decided to increase her speed. 2. The ship was damagedin a storm last night. 3. All her derricks have been removed recently. 4. She is far from being new, but she iswellkeptby her crew. 5. The traditional freighter can hardly be seen nowadays.

10. EXERCISE 6– Put the verbs in brackets into correct future form: • He hasn't studied hard. He ____________(FAIL) his exams. • Can you phone me later? Sure, I __________ (PHONE) tonight. • I feel a bit hungry. I think ____________ (HAVE) something to eat. • I've decided to re-paint this room. • - What colour ____________ (you/PAINT) it? • We ____________ (GO) to the theatre this evening. • I haven't got any money. Don't worry, I ____________ (LEND) you some. • I think he ____________ (LIKE) the present you bought him. • We need some bread for lunch. • - I ____________ (GO) to theshop and get some.

11. EXERCISE 6– Put the verbs in brackets into correct future form– KEY • He hasn't studied hard. He is going to fail his exams. • Can you phone me later? Sure, I will phone tonight. • I feel a bit hungry. I think I will havesomething toeat. • I've decided to re-paint this room. • - What colour are you going to paint it? • We are goingto the theatre this evening. • I haven't got any money. Don't worry, Iwill lendyou some. • I think he will like the present you bought him. • We need some bread for lunch. • - Iam going to theshop and get some.

12. EXERCISE 7– Complete the sentences using the correct modal verb: • This young boy ____________ climb the mast when he was 8. (ability) • You ____________ tell anyone what I said. (prohibition) • We ____________ start to prepare for our exam. (suggestion) • Marko ____________ to work on deck with the seaman. (obligation, future) • Sally ____________ come on board.(advice, past) • The sky is pretty cloudy. It ____________ rain. (possibility) • The Bosun ____________ speak four languages. (skill)

13. EXERCISE 7– Complete the sentences using the correct modal verb– KEY • This young boy was able to climb the mast when he was 8. (ability) • You must not tell anyone what I said. (prohibition) • We should start to prepare for our exam. (suggestion) • Marko will have towork on deck with the seaman. (obligation, future) • Sally should not have come on board.(advice, past) • The sky is pretty cloudy. It may / might rain. (possibility) • The Bosuncan speak four languages. (skill)

14. EXERCISE 8– Underline the correct verb: • The Third is extremely ill, we must/ should call the doctor. • If there is fire, you must / can leave the building quickly. • You mustn't / shouldn'topen the door on an aeroplane when it is in the air. • You can watch the film but you have to / mustn'tcleanthedeck first. • When I was fifteen, I had to / shouldbe home by 10 p.m.

15. EXERCISE 8– Underline the correct verb– KEY • The Third is extremely ill, we mustcall thedoctor. • If there is fire, you mustleave the building quickly. • You mustn'topen the door on an aeroplanewhen it is in the air. • You can watch the film but you have tocleanthedeck first. • When I was fifteen, I had tobe home by 10 p.m.

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