Classical Period 1750-1825
Sonata Cycle • Four movement plan common in symphonies, sonatas, and other works of the Classical period - FSDF
Sonata Allegro Form Summary • Exposition - 2 themes, 2 keys (includes a modulation from one key to the next) • Development - no home key • Recapitulation - home key throughout • Coda - shorter section - big cadence
Classical Concerto • See p. 132 • Multi-movement work for a solo instrument and orchestra. • Usually in 3 movements, Fast, Slow, Fast.
Classical Concerto First movement - fast What is the form?
Classical Concerto First movement - fast What is the form? Sonata Allegro
Classical Concerto Second movement - slow What is the form? Varies. Theme and variations, ABA, not standard (you don’t need to memorize this!)
Classical Concerto Third movement - Fast What is the form? Often, a Rondo.
Rondo Form • A is the main theme • All contrasting themes are given a letter • A comes back “around” • Diagram looks like: • ABACABADA etc. • Form of Haydn’s Trumpet Concerto 3rd movement
Opera • A large-scale, multi-movement work for vocal soloists, chorus, and orchestra. It is secular (not religious), acted out on stage with scenery and costumes, performed in a theater, and sung in Italian.
2 Types of Singing • Aria - the singing style in operatic works that is a "song". Action stops and characters reflect on emotion that has just occurred. • Recitative - the singing style in operatic works that is the dialog/action. This type of singing is not usually very tuneful.
Libretto - the words of an opera exactly as they are set to music. The libretto is NOT a plot summary, but the lyrics of the opera (like a script to a play or movie). Literally, it means "Little book".
W.A. Mozart • 1756-1791 • Composed first pieces at age 5 • First symphony at age 8. • First opera at age 12.
Mozart’s operas • Why are they considered to be the best? • 1. Music is sublime. • 2. Excellent plots and stories. • 3. Ability to capture the emotions of the characters in the music.
Don Giovanni • Libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte.