Classical Period Music, Art, and Architecture 1750-1830
What should I know about the Classical Period? 1750-1830 • Music • Light, clean texture, less complex than Baroque • Contrasts are more pronounced • Mainly homophonic (melody above harmonies) • Art • Soft and gentle • Elegant and orderly • Architecture • The Baroque era continues in architecture • European settlers are building America (1776!)
Art in the Classical Period • Similar to art in the Baroque era • Restrained emotion • Eugene Delacroix (d. 1863) • Influential in the development of the Impressionist painters • Often classified in the “Romantic” school of painters (not to be confused with the Romantic era in music)
Classical Architecture • Baroque style continued but subdued • Architecture moves to America as the New World is built • Paris saw a great deal of growth during this period
Construction on the White House began in 1792Like most buildings in the Classical era, it is handsome and practical.
Classical Music • Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven • Orchestral music is more popular than opera or sacred • Wind instruments become more permanent members of the orchestra • Shorter phrases and defined cadences • Harmony is less structured, using the tonic, dominant, and subdominant chords
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756-1791 • Born in Salzburg, Austria • Composed over 600 works • Began composing at the age of five • Prodigy on the violin and keyboard (clavier) • Died young at the age of 35 after dictating his final Requiem to a student
Ludwig van Beethoven 1770-1827 • Born in Germany but moved to Vienna to study music • Virtuoso pianist • His hearing deteriorated in his late 20s but he continued to compose even after he became completely deaf • Composed during the transition from Classical to the Romantic period in music
Follow-up Questions • How is music from the Classical period different than music written today? • Are any of the pieces we have played in class from the Classical period? • Are there any buildings in your area that may be from the Classical period?