Medicine in the Middle Ages Supplementary materials to “Healing”
Anatomical illustration • Anatomical illustration showing the veins, from a medical miscellany.England; 13th century, lateBodleian Library, MS. Ashmole 399, fol. 18r[Formerly no. 17] • http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/dept/scwmss/wmss/medieval/mss/misc/towards.htm
Herbals • Apuleius, Dioscorides, Herbals (extracts); De virtutibus bestiarum in arte medicinae, in Latin and EnglishEngland, Bury St. Edmunds; 11th century, late • http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/dept/scwmss/wmss/medieval/mss/bodl/130.htm
A Woman gathering herbshttp://www.umm.maine.edu/medica/biblio.html
The Tree of Poisonhttp://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/Sciences/BotanicalSciences/AboutBotany/MythicalPlants/BohunUpas/BohunUpas.htm
Four elements • The Greeks believed the world was divided into four basic elements and that the body mirrored this division in the Four Humors, or bodily fluids. • Basic Elements Bodily Fluid Resulting Temperament
Fire/ water/ earth/ air • Fire - Yellow bile - Choleric; Violent, vengeful • Water - Phlegm - Phlegmatic: Dull, pale, cowardly • Earth - Black bile - Melancholic; Gluttonous, lazy, sentimental • Air - Blood - Sanguine; Happy, generous, amourous http://balder.prohosting.com/shissem/Hissem_Gernets%20of%20Heysham.html
The Four Temperaments • Central figure is that of a man with lines connecting various body parts to their humoral elements. Phlegmatics in lower right corner, colics in upper left. Hunting scenes fill right and bottom borders. [Paris: Philippe Pigouchet, 1501] • http://wwwihm.nlm.nih.gov/
Balance of Four Elementshttp://www.russianbooks.org/galen.htm • WET DRYwet-cold [wet-hot/cold] / dry-hot [dry-hot/cold]/ -------------------------[ perfect balance ] ------------------------/[wet/dry-hot] wet-hot / [wet/dry-cold] dry-coldHOT COLD
Qualities, elements, seasons, humorshttp://web.uvic.ca/shakespeare/Library/SLT/ideas/elements.html
http://www.russianbooks.org/galen.htm Geometric vector modeling of elemental mixture theory.From Isidore de Seville, De natura rerum, manuscript circa A.D. 800(IMAGE SOURCE: Cologne Diocese Library, Germany)
Dying and DeathLast Rites -- the final sacrament Relationship between the priest and the doctorhttp://www.uiowa.edu/~c016136/LectureOutlines/Medieval%20Medicine_files/slide0012_image010.jpg
Medieval Medicine • http://www.uiowa.edu/~c016136/LectureOutlines/Medieval%20Medicine_files/frame.htm
MEDIEVAL MEDICINE AND MEDICAL PRACTICEShttp://history.smsu.edu/jchuchiak/HSt%20101--Lecture%2017--Medieval_medicine_and_medical_pr.htm
Gilbertus, Anglicus. Compendium medicine. Lugduni, 1510. • Gilbert the Englishman, who lived in the 13th century, was England's first major medical writer. He intended his Compendium to include all medical knowledge.
The Black Death • http://www.yesnet.yk.ca/schools/projects/middleages/blackdeath/blackdeath.html
Significant dates: • in 1348 it spread to Ireland,France,Spain,and England. • 1346 plague reached Black Sea. • in 1350 the plague entred Russia. • the plague arrived in Europe in 1347 and lasted until 1350. • after plague was gone there were few cases every year.
The coordination between theory and practice in the medieval medicine?