Meaning of Word `IDEOLOGY` Science of Ideas. The study of the origin. Evolution and nature of idea. (Antoine Destul De Tracy) “ A French Philosopher”
Definitions of Ideology An ideology is a form of social or political philosophy in which practical elements are as prominent as theoretical ones; it is a system of ideas that aspires both to explain the world and to change it.
Ideology is a different form of comprehensive moral beliefs about man, society and the universe. It is understood as a way of thinking about the cultural and social programme of a political movement launched to emancipate suppressed group from the exploitation of more dominate social class
“Ideology is a system of beliefs that explain and justifies a preferred political orders, either existing or proposed and offers a strategy(institutions,processes,programme) for its attainment”
“An ideology offers an interpretation of the past, and an explanation of the present and a vision of future.”
“An ideology emerges when people feel strongly that they are being mistreated under an existing order, when their status is threatened by fundamental changes occurring in the society, and when the prevailing ideology no longer satisfies them”
Ideology Of Pakistan Ideology of Pakistan based on the Two Nation Theory which up holds that Hindus and Muslims are two separate and distinct nations having their own culture, civilization, literature, religion, and way of life, Muslims cannot merged with any other nation because their philosophy of life is based upon the principles of Islam.
Factors which Led to the Ideology of Pakistan • Forces of Islam. • Socio-Cultural Differences. • Treatment of Hindus. • Attitude of British. • Two Nations Theory.
Views of Allama Iqbal on the Ideology of Pakistan • I am fully convinced that the Muslims of India will ultimately have to establish a separate homeland as they cannot live with Hindus in the United India.
India is a continent of human beings belonging to different languages and professing different religions. To base a constitution on the conception of homogenous India is to prepare her for civil war. I, therefore, demand the formation of a consolidated Muslim state in the best interest of Muslims of India and Islam.
The Allahabad Address of Allama Iqbal • I have been a staunch advocate of putting an end to religious prejudices and distinctions from the country. But now I believe that the protection of separate nation is in the best interest of both Hindus and Muslims”. He further said, “I would like to see the Muslim majority areas i.e. Punjab, NWFP, Sind and Baluchistan amalgamated in the single state, a self- government within the British Empire, or without the British Empire.
Presidential Address - March 1940 • Quaid said “We wish our people to develop to the fullest, our spiritual, cultural, economic, social and political life, in a way, that we think best and in consonance with our own ideals and according to the genius of our people”.