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Chapter 15

Chapter 15. Global Health Issues. Global Health Matters. Health conditions have improved more in the past fifty years than in all of history The average life expectancy has risen steadily due to the advancement in health/medical discoveries

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Chapter 15

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  1. Chapter 15 Global Health Issues

  2. Global Health Matters • Health conditions have improved more in the past fifty years than in all of history • The average life expectancy has risen steadily due to the advancement in health/medical discoveries • Death rates, especially among children, have decreased dramatically • Many health issues focus now on the inequities in terms of global health care

  3. The Looming Health Threat • Many developing countries have not introduced public health care • There are increases in infectious threats such as HIV/Aids • All of these new diseases act as constraints on economic and social development

  4. Resistance To Antibiotics • Bacteria have now evolved to become more lethal and resistant to antibiotics • Doctors and researchers are left unable to cope against these new diseases • Medical research has had to become more advanced more quickly to keep up with these diseases, in which bacteria are prevailing over

  5. Patterns And Trends • Statistics do not reveal the reality of how a disease impacts the quality of life • Especially in developing countries, disease means loss of people, equalling to loss of work potential • Economy tends to suffer The Double Burden • People are living much longer due to the major improvements in health care • However, most developing countries are left experiencing an epidemiologic transition, which is when a disease shifts from one type to another

  6. More Than Just Another Statistic • The United Nations and NGOs base all of their estimations on studies and observations • Every human being is part of these “statistics” and has the same needs and deserves the same rights and privileges health care wise The Sanitary Revolution • Governments/organizations have been working to improve the working/living conditions for people who work in poor areas • Factors such as clean drinking water, better housing, waste removal, etc. are important for people living and working in developing countries

  7. Factors Affecting Disease • Poverty and Hunger • Poverty is the main factor that causes ill health • Developing countries have to limit their budgets health wise, and in doing so have undermined the potential for economic and social development • Malnutrition and disease from terrible nutrition also plays a large role • It is a fact that those with low income are more likely to suffer health-wise from the affects of being less-off

  8. Factors Affecting Disease • Population Growth • Continued population growth, combined with urbanization, especially in the developing areas, usually results in unsanitary conditions and infectious diseases • The Water And Sewage Factor • Safe drinking water and proper waste and sewage disposal has the greatest impact on improving health • Poor management of these two main factors usually results in disease and death, especially in the developing countries

  9. Social And Demographic Factors • Women and children who are restricted access to things such as education, information, freedom from physical violence, etc. usually have poor health and live in poverty • Cultural practices from religious and sexual beliefs have had many negative impacts on women and young children, which affects them both mentally and physically • The increase in the number of elderly people will also have an impact on health issues, especially in the near future

  10. Globalization And Health • Recent government policy in many places had meant a decrease in the funding towards health care • The reduced access to proper health care means the declining quality of life, the increase in future death rates, etc. • However, globalization has allowed us, through technology, to share information that is health and medical based with other countries • The Pharmaceutical Industry • Without the industries and companies that supply us with medications, we may very well have an infectious disease • The only problem with having all of these available drugs is, that not everyone can afford them • Especially in developing countries, what company or pharmaceutical industry is going to send out free meds? None!

  11. Health Revolution? • The health care service industry generates more the $200 billion US a year • A small percentage of these services actually goes towards the developing areas of the world • Most of the attention money and health wise goes to the more developed countries • No one is going to make money in developing countries where the medications and medical technology cannot be afforded

  12. Meeting Global Health Challenges • Over the past 50 years, the limitations set for strictly studying the medical aspects of diseases has left out the need for proper sanitation and safe water in developing areas • The need for international support in terms of facing health care issues has never been in more high of demand • Drugs For Neglected Disease • Many groups have been organized to find ways to address the failure of the market to develop drugs needed to fight off infectious diseases • Inadequate policies by the governments of developing countries have compounded the most serious health issues • Many countries simply have a pharmaceutical industry that is only interested in making money, without helping the people who are less off

  13. A Pot Of Gold? • The Un negotiated with governments and foundations, 2001, to contribute to a global fund that will be used to combat Aids, and other serious diseases, in developing and other countries. • The donations to this fund have been much lower than expected…does this tell you something? National Immunization Day • The Who, UNICEF and other organizations help to sponsor a week in which people all over the world, including those in developing countries, have the opportunity to be vaccinated for proper protection against diseases and illnesses

  14. Solar Energy Initiatives • Proper store houses for medications and vaccinations needed to fight off infectious illnesses are important to medical research and development • All over the world, these storehouses help to keep the scarcity of medication low and help also to reduce the waste of medications • Health Care Initiatives • There are many ways in which infants and children are being provided health care in the developing countries • Some of these ways include growth monitoring therapy, breastfeeding, immunizations, and oral rehydration therapy

  15. The End

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