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  1. Verbs German Deutsch ist Super! Los geht’s! Click here to begin!!

  2. Why Study?! • Sound professional • Eliminate small errors in conjugation • Know when to use which tenses • Wear Lederhosen… maybe!  weiter.

  3. Hallo! Today we will be learning how to conjugate sentences in different tenses in German! weiter.

  4. Here are the navigation buttons that you will be working with today: weiter. Früher (previous) Hauptmenü (main menu) Fertig! (done!) Überspringen (skip over) Weiter (forward) Quiz (quiz) Rückblick (review) Versuchs Nochmals (try again)

  5. Where to? If you would like to review, go If you would like to skip the review and begin on today’s lesson, Or, you can go directly to the weiter. überspringen. quiz!

  6. Review - Präsens Here is a table of how the pronouns are conjugated in the present tense. We can remember these with the phrase, „Eastern Standard Time, Ten, Ten.“ Früher weiter überspringen

  7. Review - Perfekt In this tense, we will have to use haben and sein as helping verbs as you will soon learn, so let‘s review how to conjugate them. Früher weiter überspringen

  8. Hurra! Let’s learn some German in the PRESENT tense!! Are you ready?! Ja! Nein! Quiz, bitte!

  9. Präsens Let‘s try forming sentences given a subject and a verb! ich/haben du/machen wir/spielen ichhabe du machstwir spielen We can see here how those endings from the review section really help out in conjugation! Quiz Rückblick weiter

  10. Präsens Some verbs are sort of irregular. du/tanzen er/lesen er/treffen du tanzter liest er trifft OFTEN, irregular forms come in the “er” or “du” forms of words. Moving forward, these are things that just have to be remembered. Quiz Rückblick weiter

  11. Let’s try some practice questions!! Conjugate in the präsens: Wo ______ du? bist bin ist sein siest A B C D E Quiz Rückblick

  12. WUNDERBAR! Good job on paying attention! You’re going to be fluent in no time!! weiter

  13. SO EIN MIST! That’s not quite right! Go back and check your conjugation rules and your personal ending rules. Versuchsnochmals

  14. Let’s try some practice questions!! Conjugate in the präsens: Ihr ______ ins Kino. geh gehen gehte geht gehst A B C D E

  15. SO EIN MIST! That’s not quite right! Go back and check your conjugation rules and your personal ending rules. Versuchsnochmals

  16. WUNDERBAR!! Good job on paying attention! You’re going to be fluent in no time!! weiter

  17. Perfekt This is a form of past tense in German. It is used during conversation. Sometimes, it is referred to as the “conversational past”. This form uses a helping verb. HABEN or SEIN Conjugate the helping verb for the subject. Quiz Rückblick weiter

  18. Perfekt The ACTION verb will get kicked to the END of the sentence. The ACTION verb will also take on a past tense form called the “past participle”. In English, we typically add –ed. In German, we typically add a ge–prefix and a –tsuffix. This is for WEAK verbs. Quiz Rückblick weiter

  19. Perfekt For STRONG verbs, some use the ge– prefix with the –en suffix. These verbs sometimes have a vowel change, too. Examples: Schießen  geschossen Sehen  gesehen Beginnen  begonnen Quiz Rückblick weiter

  20. Perfekt Most verbs (weak and strong) use haben. SEIN is used to represent movement or change in state/condition. There are far fewer sein verbs than haben verbs, making it easier to memorize sein verbs. HELPING VERB SEIN HABEN Quiz Rückblick weiter

  21. Perfekt Special Rules: • Verbs with separable prefixes: ge– goes between prefix and action verb. • Verbs taken from other languages (verbs ending in –ieren) have NOge– prefix. • There will be exceptions always, these you will just have to remember like you do in English! Quiz Rückblick weiter

  22. Here are some examples!!! • Ichhabegemacht. • Wirhabengeschlafen. • Du hast gekauft. • Ihrseidgegangen. • Er hat besucht. • Siehabeneingekauft. • Sie hat telefoniert. Quiz Rückblick weiter

  23. Let’s try some practice questions!! Conjugate in the perfekt: Er ____ das Buch ______. ist … gelesen hat … gelest ist … gelest hat … gelesen habt … gelesen A B C D E

  24. WUNDERBAR! Good job on paying attention! You’re going to be fluent in no time!! weiter

  25. SO EIN MIST! That’s not quite right! Go back and check your helping verbs and your personal ending rules. If you know your helping verb is correct, check your past participle!! Versuchsnochmals

  26. Let’s try some practice questions!! Conjugate in the perfekt: Ich ____ Einkaufen _____. bin … gegangen habe … gegangen bin … gegeht bin … gegehen habe … gegehen A B C D E

  27. WUNDERBAR! Good job on paying attention! You’re going to be fluent in no time!! weiter

  28. SO EIN MIST! That’s not quite right! Go back and check your helping verbs and your personal ending rules. If you know your helping verb is correct, check your past participle!! Versuchsnochmals

  29. Imperfekt IMPERFEKT is the written past tense. This is the tense used most often in stories that are written down in books. Here, we also have WEAK and STRONG verbs. SPECIAL: * NO helping verbs* *NO endings on the ich and er/sie/es forms.* Quiz Rückblick weiter

  30. Imperfekt WEAK VERBS: • drop the –en from the infinitive form • add –te suffix • add appropriate conjugated endings to the verb after the –te • make sure it is pronounceable!! • Endings in g, d, or t need an extra –e– to say. • Example: arbeiten arbeitte  arbeitete Quiz Rückblick weiter

  31. Imperfekt STRONG VERBS: 3 CATEGORIES 1. VOWEL CHANGE! • The vowels change to make the imperfekt form. • Examples: • Beginnen begann • Bleiben  blieb • Trinken  trank • Schlafen  schlief • Add personal endings to the imperfekt forms. Quiz Rückblick weiter

  32. Imperfekt STRONG VERBS: 3 CATEGORIES 2. CONSONANT CHANGE! • The consonants will change to make these forms. • Examples: • Gehen ging • Haben  hatte • Add personal endings to the imperfekt forms. Quiz Rückblick weiter

  33. Imperfekt STRONG VERBS: 3 CATEGORIES 3. MIXED VERBS! • The consonants AND vowels change. • Examples: • Denken dachte • Verbringen  verbrachte • Kommen  kam • Essen  aß • Add personal endings to the imperfekt forms. Quiz Rückblick weiter

  34. Let’s try some practice questions!! Conjugate in the imperfekt: Er ______. schläft schlafte schlief schlieft schliefte A B C D E

  35. WUNDERBAR! Good job on paying attention! You’re going to be fluent in no time!! weiter

  36. SO EIN MIST! That’s not quite right! Go back and check what type of verb you are working with. Is it weak or strong? If it is strong, which of the three categories does it belong to? Versuchsnochmals

  37. Let’s try some practice questions!! Conjugate in the imperfekt: Wir ______. denkten dachten dachte denkte denken A B C D E

  38. WUNDERBAR! Good job on paying attention! You’re going to be fluent in no time!! weiter

  39. SO EIN MIST! That’s not quite right! Go back and check what type of verb you are working with. Is it weak or strong? If it is strong, which of the three categories does it belong to? Versuchsnochmals

  40. Time For… Concept Review! Präsens: Conjugations for pronouns E ST T EN T EN “Eastern Standard Time Ten Ten” Perfekt: weak verbs: ge-STEM-t strong verbs: ge-STEM-en (stem may change) -ieren verbs: STEM-t separable verbs: prefix-ge-STEM-t/en You will have to memorize a bunch of verbs! Quiz Rückblick weiter

  41. Time For… Concept Review! Imperfekt: Weak verbs:STEM-te Strong verbs 1: vowel change beginnen begann Strong verbs 2: consonant change gehen  ging Strong verbs 3: mixed verbs denken  dachte Quiz Rückblick weiter

  42. Are You Ready For Your Quiz?! JA! Präsens Perfekt Imperfekt Rückblick Hauptmenü

  43. Quiz!!! 1. In the Präsens, how can we conjugatesein for the following forms? Ichbist ; Wirseid Ich bin ; Wirsein Ich bin ; Wirsind Ichist ; Wirsind Ichbist ; Wirsein A B C D E

  44. WUNDERBAR! Good job on paying attention! You’re going to be fluent in no time!! weiter

  45. SO EIN MIST! That’s not quite right! Go back and check your conjugation rules and your personal ending rules. Versuchsnochmals

  46. Quiz!!! 2. In the perfekt tense, how could be correctly form this sentence: You danced. Du bistgetanzt. Du bin getanzt. Du habstgetanzt. Du hast getanzt. Du hast getanzen. A B C D E

  47. WUNDERBAR! Good job on paying attention! You’re going to be fluent in no time!! weiter

  48. SO EIN MIST! That’s not quite right! Go back and check your helping verbs and your personal ending rules. If you know your helping verb is correct, check your past participle!! Versuchsnochmals

  49. Quiz!!! 3. Fill in the verb that is correctly conjugated. Ihr ______ Kekse _______. habt … gemacht seid … gemacht habt … gemachen seid … gemachen hast … gemacht A B C D E

  50. WUNDERBAR! Good job on paying attention! You’re going to be fluent in no time!! weiter