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A History of Media

A History of Media

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A History of Media

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  1. A History of Media Past - Pixels

  2. A long long time ago • To be human is to create. • This human impulse to create and express has always been a part of man’s psyche. This trait can seen man’s distant cousin, the Neanderthal.

  3. 45,000 B.C.E. • In what is now Hungary, a Neanderthal carves onto a mammoth tusk.

  4. 30,000 B.C.E. • In what Modern Germany, someone engraves a horse in a pelvis bone.

  5. 10,000 B.C.E • Writing on skin. Tattooing instruments found in Europe.

  6. 4,000 B.C.E • Egyptian pharaohs listen to flutes and harps.

  7. 3372 B.C.E • Start of the Mayan calendar.

  8. 3,000 B.C.E. • Egypt develops hieroglyphic writing. • In the Mediterranean or Near East, an abacus derived from counting boards.

  9. Note: • The Abacus is one of the precursors to the modern computer.

  10. 2,000 B.C.E. • Enheduanna, a woman in Mesopotamia, writes first signed text, a hymn • Vikings toot on trumpets. • Nine Greek muses, responsible for poetry, history, comedy, song, dance.

  11. 14 C.E. • Rome sets up network of relay runners carrying messages 50 miles in a day.

  12. 70 C.E. • Estimated date of Matthew's Gospel.

  13. 230 C.E. • Japanese begin keeping historical records.

  14. 370 C.E. • Rome is said to have 28 public libraries.

  15. 393 C.E. • Church sanctions 27 books of the New Testament; Christian Bible is complete.

  16. 450 C.E. • Ink on seals is stamped on paper in China. This is true printing.

  17. 598 C.E. • The first school in England, at Canterbury.

  18. 600 - 619 C.E. • Books printed in China. • In China, large orchestras, with bells, drums, flutes, gongs, guitars

  19. 900 C.E. • The 1001 Arabian Nights of tales within a tale

  20. 1038 C.E. • Arab scholar Alhazen describes a room-size camera obscura. • Note: This will ultimately lead to photography and film

  21. 1168 • Oxford University is founded.

  22. 1300s • Paper is made in England (1309) • Dante Alighieri dies after completing his epic poem, The Divine Comedy. (1321) • Legends of King Arthur are written. (1325)

  23. 1387 • Geoffrey Chaucer writes The Canterbury Tales.

  24. 1430 – 1450 -1451 - 1465 • Start of Renaissance music era: sacred music, secular madrigals; lute is favored. • Africans carry culture with them as 400 years of slave exports to West begins • Gutenberg’s press prints an old German poem. • Printed music.

  25. 1472 -1477 • William Caxton brings Gutenberg’s invention of printing to England. • An advertising poster in England

  26. 1482 - 1498 • Leonardo da Vinci begins filling notebooks with ideas, sketches. • Leonardo da Vinci completes The Last Supper.

  27. 1500 - 1517 • By now approximately 35,000 books have been printed, some 10 million copies. • Martin Luther nails his "Ninety-five Theses" to a church door in Wittenberg.

  28. 1570 • Women forbidden to sing on stage; castration imitates female voice

  29. 1593 – 1611-1612 • William Shakespeare, Venus and Adonis. • The King James version of the Bible is published. • The Tempest is performed .

  30. 1750 • J.S. Bach dies, signals end of music’s Baroque period.

  31. 1789 • New United States proposes Bill of Rights, with freedom of faith, speech, press. • In England, the narrative of a former slave is published.

  32. 1890 • Typewriters are in common use in offices. • The $1 Brownie camera; film is 15 cents a roll.

  33. Late 1800s • 1893: Dickson builds a motion picture studio in New Jersey. • Norwegian artist Edvard Munch, The Scream. • Emile Berliner sells 1,000 gramophones, 25,000 records.

  34. 1800s • 1895: In Berlin, Max and Emil Skladanowsky show a 15-minute motion picture • 1896: The first comic strip, The Yellow Kid, in the New York American. • 1896: Nikola Tesla invents a spark radio transmitter.

  35. 1900s • 1940: U.S. gets first regular TV station, WNBT, New York; estimated 10,000 viewers. • 1943: British code breaking machine Colossus cracks Germany’s Enigma code. (Precursor to computer) • 1949: Network TV established in U.S.

  36. 1900s • 1951: Color television sets go on sale. • 1952: EDVAC takes computer technology a giant leap forward. • 1956: IBM ships a hard drive, the 5 MB. 305 RAMAC as big as two refrigerators. • 1958: The microchip; it will enable the computer revolution.

  37. 1962: FCC sees a demonstration of cellular technology. • 1963: Sony offers an open-reel videotape recorder for the home, $995. • 1964: IBM’s OS/360 is first mass-produced computer operating system. • 1969: The Woodstock music festival.

  38. 1971: ARPANET, Internet forerunner, has 22 university, government connections. • 1973: Computer in England, another in Norway connect to ARPANET. • 1976:Death Race 98 raises public complaints about video games. • 1983: Internet domains get names instead of hard-to-remember numbers.

  39. 1985: Cellphones go into cars. • 1987: The Simpsons, animated cartoon, introduced on Fox TV.

  40. Work Citied • "Media History Project." Timeline: Media History n.pag. Web. 23 Aug 2012. <http://www.mediahistory.umn.edu/timeline/>.