Bell Ringer • Complete the following: • ________’s election in 1860 led to the _________ of Southern states • Lincoln ----- secession
Bell Ringer • After the Battle at __________, Lincoln issued the ____________ _________ which ____ _____ in “areas of rebellion” (1862) • Antietam – Emancipation Proclamation – freed slaves
Bell Ringer • Opening shots of the war: ______ ______, SC - 1861 • Battle of __________, PA: Turning point: victory for the North -1863 • Fort Sumter -- Gettysburg
Quotes • With malice toward none, with charity for all…let us bind up the nation’s wounds.. and achieve a just and lasting peace. • Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural Address • “We hold it to be the duty of the government to inflict punishment on the rebels… The whole fabric of southern society must be changed. • Thaddeus Stevens, “Radical Republican” leader of Congress
Reconstruction • The southern states were left embittered and devastated by the war. • What kind of things were destroyed in the war? • What problems did the nation have to solve?
Reconstruction • At the end of the war, there was no agreed-upon plan for Reconstruction • Lincoln’s Ten Percent Plan – “charity for all” • Congress’s Wade-Davis Bill (Radical Republicans) – “punish the South” • After Lincoln’s death, Andrew Johnsonbecomes president • Johnson’s plan let the South in quickly, but did not protect rights of freed blacks
What did the Black Codes do? • “All freedmen, free negroes, and mulattoes in this State, with no lawful employment or business, or found unlawful assembling themselves together either in the day or night shall be fined fifty dollars” • How were African-Americans controlled in the South?
Battles over Reconstruction • Congress battles with President Johnson on • Freedman’s Bureau – social, legal help • Civil Rights Act – no racial discrimination • Congress passes bills Johnson vetoes them Congress overrides the vetoes • 14thAmendment • Johnson tries to defeat the 14th Amendment • “Swing Around the Circle” – he fails!
Impeachment of the President Why was President Johnson impeached? What was the outcome of the trial?
The Civil War Amendments- read the amendments on pgs 168-170 and in your own words write what the amendments accomplished. • 13th • 14th • 15th • Can you find the flaw in the 15th Amendment?
Reconstruction Act of 1867: Congress divides the South into military districts
Election of 1868 • Ulysses S. Grant wins a close election • Confederates were not allowed to vote • Support from carpetbaggers and scalawags • And for the 1st time…freed African-Americans
Hiram Revels is the first African-American Senator. He served as the US Senator from Mississippi.
Opposition to Reconstruction • Who might oppose Reconstruction? • Who were the Redeemers? What did they do to oppose Reconstruction?
The “Invisible Empire of the South” “Of course he wants to vote for the Democratic ticket”
The End of Reconstruction • Why does support for Reconstruction end? • Northerners have moved on • Political scandals in Grant’s administration • Economic depression: Panic of 1873 • After the 15th Amendment, many think the work is done • Supreme Court weakens Amendments • The South regains control…
Compromise of 1877 • The END of Reconstruction • No one clearly wins the Presidential election – Hayes (R) v Tilden (D) • Congress makes a deal: • Republicans get Hayes as president if the South gets: • federal troops removed • money for rail, rebuilding, projects • to govern themselves without Northerners
Word Maps Definition: Synonym: Sharecropping Drawing: 11th grade sentence: Was sharecropping a good idea for landowners? For poor whites and freedmen?
Conclusion • The North and Midwest industrialized, but the South would remain a backward, agriculture-based economy and the poorest section of the nation for many decades.
Homework • Read pages 376-382 • Answer Main Idea questions 1-3 pg. 402
Homework • Read pages 383-392 • Answer Main Idea questions 4-6 pg.402