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„Africa-Observer Project“ PowerPoint Presentation
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„Africa-Observer Project“

„Africa-Observer Project“

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„Africa-Observer Project“

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  1. „Africa-Observer Project“ How to make developing countries' voices heard in the private standards' arena? Dr. Johannes Kern Meckesheim – Germany www.africa-observer.info

  2. How to make developing countries' voices heard in the private standards' arena? • Smallholder/Stakeholder involvement a) Overview b) National Technical Working Groups • Activities a) Smallholder task force b) Call for proposals and return c) Workshop • Lessons learned and way forward

  3. NATIONAL TECHNICAL WORKING GROUPS AFRICA OBSERVER + SMALLHOLDER TASK FORCE SMALLHOLDER/STAKEHOLDER VOICES 1.a) Smallholder/Stakeholder Involvement

  4. 1.a) Smallholder/Stakeholder Involvement • Open Standard Setting Procedure* and stakeholder involvement during the standard revision • public consultation phase (single proposals and round table discussions) • members peer review * see: www.globalgap.org

  5. Poland Dec. 2006 Czech Republic Sept. 2006 Denmark June 2007 Germany May 2005 Netherlands Jan 2002 Ukraine Sept. 2006 Italy July 2002 Belgium Feb 2002 Bulgaria July 2006 France June 2002 Thailand Sep 2007 Spain May 2002 Malaysia Feb 2003 Colombia Dec 2006 Chile Jun 2008 India May 2008 Turkey April 2005 Greece Sep 2004 Brazil June 2004 Uruguay May 2008 Argentina Mar 2004 NTWG‘s

  6. 1.b) National Technical Working Groups (NTWG) 1. Actual status • In 21 countries; several approved National Interpretation Guidelines • Pro-active strategy of GLOBALGAP (countries with > 300 certificates) 2.How to start a NTWG’s? • On initiative of members (GLOBALGAP) from single countries • All organisations can become a member (Producers, retailers, exporters, CBs, government, NGOs etc.) • Smallholder experts should be invited and represented 3. What are the NTWG’s major task? • Define local agenda and priorities • Develop Interpretation Guidelines • Close cooperation with FoodPLUS and Sector Committees • Improve transparency and integrity of GLOBALGAP in the country • Facilitate implementation of GLOBALGAP in the country by adapting the global criteria to local situation • Get connected to the other NTWGs

  7. 2.a) The Smallholder Task Force Ruth NYAGA Africert/GTZ Kenya Kevin MAART DFPT* South Africa Kofi BINEY GTZ Ghana Babacar SAMB Bioscope/NL Senegal Andrew GRAFFHAM NRI/IIED UK Steve HOMER Biospartners UK Interfaces to SC**: Richard Yudin, Andreas Kreuzmair (Edeka) Moderation: Elme Coetzer, Johannes Kern Back Office (BO): Bianca Untied (GTZ), Kerstin Uhlig *DFPT (Deciduous Fruit Producer’s Trust) ** SC (GLOBALGAP Sector Committee)

  8. 2.b) Call for proposals (I) Targets • carry out public call for innovative proposals to improve GLOBALGAP standard for smallholders • gather feedback on best practices from projects around the globe • prepare high score proposals for Sector Committee

  9. 2.b) Call for proposals (II) Methodology • Proposal sheets were divided into three parts: • Related topic (General Regulations or CPCC) • Justification • Impact assessment • Independent evaluation by the “Smallholder Task Force” • Discussion on proposals during the Workshop “GLOBALGAP Group Certification”: A challenge for smallholders in Europe and developing countries”

  10. 2.b) Return – key issues (I) • 64 proposals from various stakeholder groups (Experts, CB‘s, NGO‘s etc.) throughout the world General Regulations • Internal auditors and farmers ratio; quantity of inspections; relationship between internal and external audits • Farmer group vs. individual farmer as certificate holder • Option 1 for smallholder groups • Registration and certification fees

  11. 2.b) Return – key issues (II) CPCC (Control Points and Compliance Criteria) Examples: • Capacity development on food safety issues • Number of CPCC • Practicability of some CPCC

  12. 2.b) Return – key issues (III) QMS • Harmonisation (mutual recognition) of producer QMS/ICS across various standards • Capacity development concerning QMS • Functioning of sanctioning system

  13. 2.c) The Workshop • Organised by GTZ together with GLOBALGAP, Marktkontor Baden and the Observer Project • 52 Participants from 16 countries • Presentations from Belgium, South Tirol, Turkey, Kenya, Ghana and Senegal • Report under: www.africa-observer.info

  14. 2.c) The Workshop Work group 1: The revision of GLOBALGAP Control Points to reflect the needs of smallholders Work group 2: The revision of General Regulations to reflect the needs of smallholders Work group 3: The participation of producer associations in the standard-setting process, e.g. in National Technical Working Groups Work group 4: QMS and the question of how producer associations can be supported during the implementation

  15. 3. Lessons learned and way forward • Expert(s) from retailers in task force • Selection of themes from call for future task force work • Second call for proposals, more transparent, more languages • Linking up with UNCTAD project on smallholder communication

  16. Thank you for your attention!www.africa-observer.info