EYE CHART Use the Snellen eye chart in the front of the room to measure your vision. Stand behind the tape and cover one eye by cupping your hand. Your partner should stand next to the chart and record your vision score, located next to the lowest line you are able to read.
CRUTCH FITTING Using the information from the questions you answered yesterday, fit your partner for crutches. First ask them to estimate their height. Record how tall they are. Chose either the shorter pair or the taller pair and adjust accordingly. Teach them to use either one crutch or both crutches. Instruct them to use the swing-method and then the swing through method.
CONCUSSION TESTING • Use the “Management of Concussion in Sports” card to evaluate your partner for signs of a concussion. • Ask them questions from the Sideline Evaluation. Record how many answers they get right out of how many were asked. • Orientation: Do you know what time it is? Who am I? What is your coach’s name? What school are we playing at? • Concentration: “Tell me the following numbers backward: 3-1-7…” “Name the months of the year in reverse.” • Memory: chose three short words for your partner to remember. Ask them again in 10 minutes what the words were.
MUSCLE GIRTH MEASUREMENTS When a person is unable to use their lower extremity for an extended period of time from immobilization, their muscles may atrophy (waste away or shrink). Measure 6 inches above the center of the knee. How wide around is your partner’s leg? Record the number. Measure 6 inches below the center of the knee. How wide around is your partner’s leg? Record the number.
PUPIL SIZE Irregular pupil size may indicate brain injury. Using the chart, measure the size of your partner’s pupils. Hold your partner’s eye open. Slowly shine the light into their eye and watch for them to change size. Record the new size.
THERABAND The ankle is the most commonly injured joint in the body. Ask your partner to sit on the floor and place the grey Theraband around their ankle. Pull until the Theraband is tight, but your partner can still move their ankle. Ask them to perform as many repetitions of dorsiflexion and plantar flexion that they can in 10 seconds. They should keep track of the number and record it.
STETHOSCOPE Have your partner place the stethoscope directly over their heart. Remember that the heart is slightly to the left of the sternum. Listen. Does their heart speed up or slow down or stay constant? Count the number of beats in 10 seconds. Multiply that number by 6 to find beats per minute. Record your data.
CANES On page 690 of your textbook, read about how to properly measure a patient for a cane. Instruct your partner to use the cane. Record how many steps they can take in 10 seconds.