Bell Ringer • How did Marie Antoinette influence fashion in the late 1700’s?
Bell Ringer Answer • Used papier-mâché paste to white and stiffen her hair to extreme heights. • High headdresses, plumes, and voluminous dresses
Agenda • Bell Ringer / Agenda (7 minutes) • Grab a new bell ringer from the gray table. • History of Fashion Lecture and Notes (63 minutes) • Notes in your Interactive Notebook
Learning Targets • Identify the needs satisfied by clothing • Discuss the early history of clothing • Name influential people in fashion history • Identify specific styles in the 20th century.
Interactive Notebook • Decorate the front of you notebook with images from magazines that represent your style. • Number the pages in your notebook from 1 – 50. 1 2 3 Table of Contents Table of Contents Table of Contents Back of your notebook cover.
Table of Contents Topic Page # Chapter 1 Vocabulary 4 Chapter 1 Vocabulary 5 Elements of Design Flip Book 6 Chapter 1 Notes. Introducing Fashion 7 Color Schemes 8 Chapter 1 Notes. Introducing Fashion 9 Body Shape Outfits 10 Chapter 1 Notes. Introducing Fashion 11 Fashion Through the Ages Sketches 12 Chapter 1 Notes. History of Fashion 13
Chapter 1 Vocabulary Words Chapter 1 Vocabulary Words • Staple Items - • Fashion Merchandise - • Style - • Design - • Garment - • Dandyism - • New Look - • Hippie Style - • Disco Style - • Punk Fashion - • Feminist Movement - • Grunge - Staple Item Dandyism Punk Fashion Hippie Style 4 5
Elements of Design Flip Book Chapter 1 Notes. Introducing Fashion • Style becomes a fashion when…. • 4 Elements of Design • Color • Line • Shape • Texture Elements of Design 6 7
Color Schemes Chapter 1 Notes. Introducing Fashion • Style becomes a fashion when…. • 4 Elements of Design • Color • Line • Shape • Texture 8 9
Body Shape Outfits Chapter 1 Notes. Introducing Fashion • Style becomes a fashion when…. • 4 Elements of Design • Color • Line • Shape • Texture Outfits that work: Outfits that DO NOT work: 10 11
Chapter 1 Notes. History of Fashion Fashion Through the Ages Sketches • Queen Elizabeth I • King Louis • The Beatles 12 13
Earliest Clothing • The earliest clothing dates from about 20,000 B.C. as evidenced by the discovery of sewing needles made of bone and ivory.
Why People Wear Clothes • Basic Physical Needs • Protection and Safety • Psychological Needs • Appearance Enhancement • Social Needs • Affiliation and Standards
Factors • Basic Physical Needs: • Weather • Dress Code • Psychological Needs: • Mood • Time to Dress • Social Needs: • Social Influence • Current Trends • Religion • Comfort/Appropriateness for Situation
Basic Physical Needs: Weather • Raining (closed toe shoes, pants, jacket) • Cold (jacket, sweats) • Hot (sandals, tees, shorts) • Snow (sweaters, long sleeves, boots) • Humid (tank, sandals, HAIR UP!!) • Storm (weather-resistant materials) • Windy (light jacket, windbreaker)
Psychological Needs: Mood • Tired (less care about fashion) • Happy (bright colors) • Sad (darker colors, less concern about fashion) • Sophisticated (classy, professional)
Psychological Needs: Time to Dress • Woke up late (not enough time to outfit plan).
Social Needs: Social Influences • Significant other • Friends • School • Location/setting • Sports/groups • Wealth • Celebrity Influence
Social Needs: Current Trends • Hairstyle (feathers) • Crop Tops • Gladiator Sandals • Floral print dresses • Cargo pants/shorts (for guys) • Air Max Shoes • High waisted shorts and skirts • Satchels • Strapless rompers • One-shoulder shirts • Toms shoes • Cardigans
Social Needs: Religion • Muslims (Hijab) • Pentecostal (long skirts for women)
Social Needs: Comfort/Appropriateness • No flip flops/bathing suits in winter • No ties in gym • No sweats to a party • No boots in summer
Assignment • On the poster, find images using magazines or online to find an example of the reasons people wear clothes. (Weather, Dress Code, Mood, Time to Dress, Social Influence, Current Trends, Religion, Comfort/Appropriateness for Situation) • Label each image.
Fashion Through the Ages • People dressed according to what society allowed for the social classes. • Wealthy dictated fashion, often mimicking costumes worn by royalty. • During the 18th century, the influence of the upper class diminished with the American Revolutionary Way and the French Revolution. Resulting in the middle class. • The industrial revolution of the 1800’s fostered new inventions, including the sewing machine and photography.
Historical TrendsettersElizabeth I • Reigned as Queen Elizabeth from 1558 – 1603 • Clothing during this period reflected the social status and was an indicator of wealth. • Stiff Look - Tudor ruffs, jeweled wigs, plucked forehead and brows, rib-crushing corsets, skirt hoops
Historical TrendsettersLouis XIV • King of France from 1643 – 1715 • Sent life-sized fashion dolls to every European court, so that all of Europe would know about Paris fashion • Tailors copied the clothes, footwear, hats, and accessories on the dolls for nobility.
Historical Trendsetters Marie Antoinette • Queen of France from 1775 – 1793 • Used papier-mâché paste to white and stiffen her hair to extreme heights. • High headdresses, plumes, and voluminous dresses
Historical TrendsettersGeorge Bryan ‘Beau’ Brummell • Early 1800’s • Trendsetter for men to wear understated but beautifully tailored clothing and elaborate neckwear. • Dandyism – style of dress for men and a lifestyle that celebrated elegance and refinement. • Straight poster, well-fitting clothes, lots of layers like accessories such as a top hat, tailcoat, and white gloves.
Historical TrendsetterJacqueline Kennedy Onassis • Understated elegance to fashion of the early 1960’s as First Lady • Pillbox hat, suits with three-quarter sleeves.
Historical TrendsetterThe Beatles • Came to America in 1964 as the famous trendsetting British band. • Mop-top hairstyles
Before the 1900’s • Women wore: • Corsets to shape their bodies into an unnatural ‘S-bend’ to create a more feminine silhouette • Slim-fitting skirts • Long sleeves • High collars • The death of Queen Victoria in 1901 marked a fashion milestone and the beginning of economic, social, and technological changes.
The Early 1900’s • Loose-fitting style of dress became popular and the style continued to soften. • Corsets were disappearing • Full skirts with a slightly shorter length • Functional for women entering the work force when men left to fight in World War I
The 1920’s • Gabrielle ‘Coco’ Chanel (1883 – 1971) was one of the first designers to introduce sportswear garments for everyday year – as well as trousers for women. • Flappers -> young, free-spirited, and independent-minded • Shorter hemlines and hairstyles • Little black dress • Simpler styles mean that women could get ready faster and more easily. • ‘One-hour’ dress was created from the Women’s Fashion Institute.
The 1930’s – 1950’s • Movie stars set the fashion trends • Nylon was invented by DuPont • Fabric shortages from World War II resulted in shorter skirt hemlines • Simple styles became representative of patriotism • After the war, styles moved toward a more traditional feminine look. • Christian Dior launched his new fashion style in 1947 keyed New Look. • Featured long hemlines, narrow shoulders, and tightly fitted bodices with long, full, or narrow skirts. • 1940’s – 1950’s
The 1960’s • Social changes, the Vietnam War, art, film, and music all influenced the fashion of the 1960’s youth movement. • Synthetic fibers sprang up • The Hippie Style consisted of clothing from the Middle and Far East and the use of bright colors, peasant embroidery, cheesecloth, and safari jackets.
The 1970’s • Disco Style • Gold lame, leopard print, stretch halter jumpsuits. Flared trousers, pastel-colored jackets, and platform shoes
The 1970’s • Punk Fashion • Intentionally torn clothing, frayed trousers, Doc Martens • Worn by people with limited incomes like students and the unemployed
The 1970’s • Feminist Movement • An organized effort to establish equal social, economic, and political rights and opportunities for women. • Influenced women’s styles such as shorter skirts and the pantsuit in the workplace.
The 1980’s • Power Look • Uniform style of suits and blazers with shoulder pads • People no longer felt that high price determined high fashion. Quality products at moderate prices. • Fitness conscious people influenced synthetic fabrics that were easy to care for, durable, and stretchable.
The 1990’s • Americans began dressing down or less formally. • People enjoyed the comfort of sports clothes.
The 1990’s: Grunge • Started by the youth culture in the Pacific Northwest • Messy, uncombed, disheveled, as if not too much effort has been made.
The 1990’s Oscar de le Renta was quoted, “Today, there is no fashion, really. There are just…choices. Women dress today to reveal their personalities. They used to reveal the designer’s personality. Until the 70’s, women listened to designers. Now women want to do it their own way. There are no boundaries.
The 2000’s • Mash-Up Decade • Trends saw the fusion of previous styles • Boho, vintage, 80’s revivial
Assignment: • Choose a decade of the 20th century. • Use the Internet to do research about the influence of historical events on fashion during that decade. • What major events occurred during that decade and how did it affect fashion trends? • Use the Internet to do research about the popular fashion designers during that decade. • Use the Internet to do research about popular fashion trend setters during that decade. • Using Microsoft Word, type a short summary of your research. Be sure to answer all three questions and then copy and paste images from the Internet that best represent your research. • Include all sources at the bottom of your page in the footer.