Thomas Jefferson Years in Office: 1801-1809
Resume After attending College of William & Mary, Jefferson became a lawyer. He was then elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses. He was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence. He served as governor of Virginia during the Revolution. He served as minister to France. He worked as George Washington’s secretary of state, as John Adams’s vice president America’s third president. He was responsible for the Louisiana Purchase.
One of the things he’s most proud of…Founder of The University of Virginia The only university to be founded by a President
Home in VirginiaMonticelloDesigned by TJ Monticello
He was a violinist, architect, farmer, scholar, a horseman, and an inventor Moldboard Plow of Least Resistance Polygraph machine for copying documents Wheel cipher to encode and decode messages
Another Invention • Macaroni making machine • Myth that he brought “macaroni and cheese” to America. • Swivel chair
Review Identify and describe three accomplishments/inventions of Thomas Jefferson.
The Beginning • March 4, 1801 • Thomas Jefferson is the first President inaugurated in the new capital city of Washington D.C. • He delivers his first inaugural address. This address outlines what he feels are the essential principles of government.
First Inaugural Address • Essential Principles of Government • “equal and exact justice to all men” • “peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations” • “the support of state governments” • “the preservation of general government” • punishment for those who choose to revolt • compliance with the decisions of the majority
First Inaugural Address • Essential Principles of Government Cont… • “a well disciplined militia” • honest payment of debts • maintaining a sound economy • proper distribution of information • freedom of religion • freedom of the press
Election of 1800 Adams & Pinckney vs. Jefferson & Burr Flaws in the electoral college exposed Jefferson and Burr end up in tie House of Representatives decides on Jefferson 12th Amendment ratified 1804 stipulates that electors make a choice between selections of President and Vice President
Review • Which candidate did the Federalists support for president in the election of 1800? • Aaron Burr • Alexander Hamilton • Thomas Jefferson • Thomas Pinckney • John Adams • Which candidate did the Democratic-Republicans support for president in the election of 1800? • Thomas Pinckney • Alexander Hamilton • Thomas Jefferson • Aaron Burr • John Adams
Review • Which was NOT an ideal of Jeffersonian Democracy? • Westward expansion is in the best interests of America. • The federal government should do nothing states can do. • America needs to support France instead of Britain. • America should immediately abolish slavery. • Yeoman farmers were the backbone of society. • The election of 1800 was decide by the House of Representatives because… • the popular vote supported Adams while the electoral vote supported Jefferson. • there was a tie in the electoral vote for vice-president. • the popular vote supported Jefferson while the electoral vote supported Adams. • the president's running mate had not been chosen as vice president. • there was a tie in the electoral vote for president.
Louisiana PurchaseGreatest real estate deal in history $15 million (4 cents an acre)
Late in Life Retired from office in 1809 Went back to Monticello. He never again left the state of Virginia Sold his extensive library to government of the US to restart the Library of Congress, which had been burned during the War of 1812 by British
RIP Jefferson died at Monticello on July 4, 1826 the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. John Adams died later that same day They were the only 2 signers of the Declaration of Independence who were elected President
Epitaph Jefferson designed his own tombstone and epitaph Here was buried Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, of the Statute of Virginia for religious freedom, and the Father of the University of Virginia. Comment on what is included and what is omitted
Where do we see Thomas Jefferson today? • $2 bill • Nickel • Jefferson Memorial • Mount Rushmore • University of Virginia
Activity You have been selected to design a new postage stamp honoring Thomas Jefferson. What will you draw? OR Write an epitaph for one of the Following figures: President Obama An athlete of your choice A famous musician of your choice Other public figure of your choice