Who Wants to be a Genius? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. Who Wants to be a Genius? Final Exam Review

  2. _________ are the longest subdivisions of geologic time. • Eons • Periods • Eras • Epochs

  3. Which mountain range formed during the Paleozoic Era?. • Alps • Appalachians • Himalayans • Rocky Mountains

  4. How do species adapt to a changing environment? • By staying the same • By dying off • By evolving • By natural selection

  5. In which Era did dinosaurs evolve? • Paleozoic • Precambrian • Cenozoic • Mesozoic

  6. What is the process by which organisms with characteristics suited to their environments will survive and reproduce? • Organic evolution • Natural selection • Artificial selection • Transformation

  7. What may have caused the Ice Age that occurred at the end of the Paleozoic Era? • Plate tectonics • Mass extinction • Asteroid impact • Global warming

  8. In which Era did the Alps form? • Mesozoic • Precambrian • Cenozoic • Paleozoic

  9. Changes in trilobite exoskeletons occurred because of: • changing environments • artificial selection • competition for survival • both 1 and 3

  10. Reptiles evolved to withstand the dryer climate of the _________ Era. • Mesozoic • Precambrian • Cenozoic • Paleozoic

  11. ________ are marked by major, striking, and worldwide changes in the types of fossils present. • Eons • Periods • Eras • Epochs

  12. Humans, marine mammals, and reptiles were all present during this Era. • Mesozoic • Paleozoic • Precambrian • Cenozoic

  13. Pangaea formed at the end of the __________ Era. • Mesozoic • Paleozoic • Cenozoic • Precambrian

  14. In which era did angiosperms first exist? • Paleozoic • Cenozoic • Mesozoic • Precambrian

  15. Plates move apart at ______ boundaries • Convergent • Stable • Divergent • Transform

  16. Scientists have observed that the plates move at rates ranging from 1 cm to 12 cm per ______. • Century • Decade • Day • Year

  17. In order to complete a convection current, the rising material must eventually __________ Earth. • Stop inside • Cool • Sink back into • Warm

  18. Continental drift states that continents have moved ______to their current location. • Vertically • Slowly • Quickly • Very little

  19. The Glomar Challenger provided support for the theory of plate tectonics by providing___. • High-altitude photos of existing continents • Samples of plant life from mid-ocean ridges • Samples of older rock found far from mid-ocean ridges • Direct measurements of the movement of continents

  20. _______ currents inside Earth might drive plate motion. • Vertical • Convection • Horizontal • None of the above

  21. A ______ forms where two oceanic plates collide. • Hot spot • Subduction zone • Transform boundary • Rift valley

  22. The Andes mountain range of South America was formed at a _________. • Convergent boundary • Divergent boundary • Hot spot • Transform boundary

  23. The boundary between two plates moving together is called a _____________. • Divergent boundary • Convergent boundary • Transform boundary • Lithosphere

  24. The youngest rocks on the ocean floor are located ____. • Near continents • At mid-ocean ridges • Far from mid-ocean ridges • Near Asia

  25. The result of plate movement can be seen at _______. • Abyssal plains • Ocean margins • Plate centers • Plate boundaries

  26. _____ are formed when two continental plates collide. • Volcanoes • Strike-slip faults • Mountain ranges • Rift valleys

  27. The Great Rift Valley in Africa is a ________. • Mid-ocean ridge • Divergent boundary • Convergent boundary • Transform boundary

  28. Matching ____ on different continents are evidence for continental drift. • River systems • Rock structures • Weather patterns • Wind systems

  29. The crust and upper mantle make up Earth’s _______. • Lithosphere • Asthenosphere • Core • Continents

  30. The presence of the same ___ on several continents supports the hypothesis of continental drift. • Fossils • Rocks • Neither 1 nor 2 • Both 1 and 2

  31. Plates of the lithosphere float on the ______. • Crust • Asthenosphere • Core • Atmosphere

  32. The hypothesis that continents have slowly moved to their current locations is called_____. • Continental drift • Continental slope • Magnetic reversal • Convection

  33. A lack of explanation for continental drift prevented many scientists from accepting that a single supercontinent called ___ once existed. • Glomar • Glossopteris • Pangaea • Wegener

  34. Plates slide past one another at ________. • Subduction zones • Transform boundaries • Convection currents • Divergent boundaries

  35. Seafloor spreading occurs because ____________. • New material is being added to the asthenosphere • Earthquakes break apart the ocean floor • Sediments accumulate at the area of spreading • Molten material beneath Earth’s crust rises to the surface

  36. Scientists believe that differences in ____ cause hot, plastic-like rock in the asthenosphere to rise toward Earth’s surface. • Density • Magnetism • Weight • Composition

  37. Wegener believed that the continents originally broke apart about _____ years ago. • 200 million • 300 million • 400 million • 500 million

  38. Active volcanoes are most likely to form at _________. • Transform boundaries • Divergent boundaries • The center of continents • Convergent oceanic-continental boundaries

  39. The ____ is (are) an example of a transform boundary. • Appalachian Mountains • Himalaya • Mid-Atlantic Ridge • San Andreas Fault

  40. One plate is forced under another in a(n) _________. • Convergent boundary • Subduction zone • Mid-ocean ridge • Asthenosphere

  41. A(n) _______ is an underwater mountain chain. • Continental drift • Subduction zone • Convergent boundary • Mid-ocean ridge

  42. How many seismographs are needed to accurately locate an earthquake epicenter? • One • Two • Three • It doesn’t matter

  43. ______ is the force that squeezes rocks together. • Elastic limit • Shear • Tension • Compression

  44. When the force on rocks is great enough, they break, producing vibrations called ___. • Faults • Earthquakes • Strains • Stresses

  45. Secondary waves ____ when they hit the liquid outer core. • Slow down • Stay the same • Stop • Speed up

  46. _____ faults are caused by tensional forces. • Normal • Strike-slip • Reverse • Elastic

  47. The most destructive seismic wave are _____. • Primary waves • Secondary waves • P-waves • Surface waves

  48. The amount of energy an earthquake releases is its ____. • Seismology • S-wave • Magnitude • Focus

  49. The name of the instrument that records seismic activity is the ______. • Seismograph • Seismogram • Seismologist • Seismoperameter

  50. Which type of fault is least likely to form mountains? • Normal fault • Reverse fault • Shear fault • Strike-slip fault