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Latin America

Latin America

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Latin America

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  1. Latin America ITS LIBERATION AND ITS LIBERATOR

  2. colonization • Two major players • Spain • Portugal • Spain • West • Portugal • East

  3. Want for independence • Why? • Spanish government applying restrictions • Inspiration • Haitian Revolution • Criollo • Locally born • Pure or mostly Spanish ancestry

  4. Want for independence • Junta • a small group ruling a country, especially immediately after a coup d'état and before a legally constituted government has been instituted. • a council. • a deliberative or administrative council, especially in Spain and Latin America

  5. Simon bolivar • The Great Liberator • Military command in New Granada • 1821 • Campaigns into Venezuela • 1822 • Campaigns into Ecuador • 1821 • Gran Columbia formed • Became president • Columbia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panamma

  6. Simon bolivar • 1824 • Peru • Became the dictator • Congress of Upper Peru • August 6, 1825 • Republic of Bolivia created

  7. Map of Latin America in 1830s

  8. caudillos • Political military officers • After independence • Created a liberal government • Policy of liberalism could not be sustained • Civil governments fall • Military intervention • Civil rule to authoritarian military rule • Mestizos • European and Native American heritage • Criollo didn’t want their political participation

  9. CAUDILLOS • Lack of middle class • No middle class • No one to uphold liberalism • Those in government an elite • 1825 • Caudillos took over the government

  10. Latin America & informal empire • The British • Controlled the sea routed between Europe and South America • Resisted the threat of the restoration of colonial rule • Obtained raw materials and agricultural produce from Argentina, Chile, Peru and Brazil • Republics imported British manufactured goods • From 1850s British technology used to build railroads and other engineering projects

  11. Latin America and informal empire • The Americans • Monroe Doctrine • President James Monroe • Committed Washington to resisting any European intervention • Using protective traffics to allow for the establishment of its own industries • 1890s and onwards • America intervened both politically and militarily to preserve their own economic interests • America intervened both politically and militarily to preserve their own economic interests