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ENACTUS TRAINING. Measurement Tools. Quality of Life. Developed by D Caspersz & D Bejr , 2013. Quality of Life is…. Intangible variables regarding human welfare or well-being as measured by social indicators. This includes (but is not limited to) factors such as: - self-esteem
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ENACTUS TRAINING Measurement Tools Quality of Life Developed by D Caspersz & D Bejr, 2013
Quality of Life is… Intangible variables regarding human welfare or well-being as measured by social indicators. This includes (but is not limited to) factors such as: - self-esteem - overall satisfaction of life - working conditions - ability to care for one’s family - hope in life - acceptance in community, neighborhood and/or work environment
But how do you measure this? Use one of the many tools available to measure the OUTCOMES of the variable (in this case, quality of life)
Variables • Inputs are resources dedicated to or consumed by the program. Examples include but not limited to: money, students, time, volunteers, facilities, equipment and supplies. • Outputs are the direct product of program activities and usually are measured in terms of the volume of work accomplished. Examples include: • The number of classes taught; • counseling sessions conducted; • educational materials distributed; • and participants served. • Outcomes are benefits or changes for individuals or populations during or after participating in program activities. They are influenced by a program’s outputs. Outcomes may relate to behavior, skills, knowledge, attitudes, values, condition, status, or other attributes. They are often illustrated by what the participants know, think, or can do; or how they behave; or what their condition is as a direct result of the program/project.
Participant Observation • Oldest and easiest methods to evaluate a change • How? The easiest is pre and post observation. • Note the old outcome (eg the behaviour, skills or knowledge) on a predetermined measurement scale before the project commences to establish a baseline • Note the new outcome (on the same scale as before) after the project • Compare the before and after outcomes to see if there is a difference, which may be positive or negative
Participant Observation – An Example • Outcome to be measured: empowerment of confidence Predetermined scale: how many times participant offers ideas in discussions • Pre-project observation – participant offers no ideas in discussions • Post-project observation – participant offers 2 ideas (average) in discussions • Difference of +2 ideas in discussions – a positive change in confidence
Tools for Measuring Outcomes These may include, but are not limited to: • Observation • Surveys • Discussions • Semi-structured interviews • Focus groups • Video evidence • Third party reports (ie carers, guardians, teachers etc) • Assessments • Completion of tasks
Quantity • The more times you can show a difference in outcomes, the better quality your results are, as you have shown it is not a one off. • Different tools can be used to collect more results – pair a survey with a focus group, or video evidence with a third party report.
Formal Tools for Measuring Quality of Life • Positive Psychology Questionnaires: http://www.ppc.sas.upenn.edu/ppquestionnaires.htm • Flanagan Quality of Life Scale, Table 1, http://www.hqlo.com/content/1/1/60 http://www.uib.no/isf/people/doc/qol/qol.pdf • RosenburgSelf-esteem Scale: http://www.bsos.umd.edu/socy/research/rosenberg.htm