Objectives • Evaluate the 5 Characteristics of Absolutism • Define Divine Right
THE AGE OF ABSOLUTISM(1550-1800) Elizabeth Phillip II Louis XIV Peter the Great
BASIC BELIEFS • One ruler/one monarch should hold all the power within a country • Monarch is chosen by divine right • God Selects him to be king, his representative on Earth • Took place in: Spain, France, Prussia, Russia, Austria
Political • Ruler holds unlimited power • Individuals are subjects • Owe loyalty and obedience
Economic • Encourage Industry & Trade • Strengthen country • Taxes
Military • Strong Powerful Army • Deals with conflicts • Puts down unrest • Conquers new territory • Paid for by taxes
Social • Ruler dominates upper classes • Upper classes dominate lower classes • Ceremonies to celebrate his power
Cultural • Ruler dominates culture • Promotes Art (patron) • Censors it
Questions • Under the notes, write the answer to these 3 questions. • What is the definition of Divine Right? • What are the 5 different characteristics of absolutism and describe 2 of them. • Which characteristic of absolutism do you think is the most important (gave the ruler the most power) and why?
Can an Individual be a complete absolutist?Take one minute to think about it and write it down.
Rise to Power • Son of Charles V • Charles splits Holy Roman Empire • Phillip II gets Spain • Defends Catholicism • Spanish Armada loses to Elizabeth
At Empires Peak • Taking new land • Portugal • Receiving gold from Americas • Large Army • 50,000 Soldiers • Prosperous Nation
Political: England defeats the Armada There were less able successors after Philip II Economic: Middle class was taxed Nobles don’t pay taxes Inflation Rising population Declining silver value Other Countries Buy from other countries Money goes elsewhere Goods Expensive Owe money Empire WeakensDecline: Political and Economic
Reformation causes trouble • Dutch Revolt • Why • Raises Taxes • Crush Protestantism • Revolt • 11 years of fighting • Declare Independence Expulsion of Muslims and Jews = deprived the economy of many skilled artisans and merchants