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Objectives PowerPoint Presentation

Objectives

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Objectives

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  1. Objectives • Evaluate the 5 Characteristics of Absolutism • Define Divine Right

  2. THE AGE OF ABSOLUTISM(1550-1800) Elizabeth Phillip II Louis XIV Peter the Great

  3. BASIC BELIEFS • One ruler/one monarch should hold all the power within a country • Monarch is chosen by divine right • God Selects him to be king, his representative on Earth • Took place in: Spain, France, Prussia, Russia, Austria

  4. PleaseExcuseMySisterCatherine

  5. Political • Ruler holds unlimited power • Individuals are subjects • Owe loyalty and obedience

  6. Economic • Encourage Industry & Trade • Strengthen country • Taxes

  7. Military • Strong Powerful Army • Deals with conflicts • Puts down unrest • Conquers new territory • Paid for by taxes

  8. Social • Ruler dominates upper classes • Upper classes dominate lower classes • Ceremonies to celebrate his power

  9. Cultural • Ruler dominates culture • Promotes Art (patron) • Censors it

  10. Questions • Under the notes, write the answer to these 3 questions. • What is the definition of Divine Right? • What are the 5 different characteristics of absolutism and describe 2 of them. • Which characteristic of absolutism do you think is the most important (gave the ruler the most power) and why?

  11. Can an Individual be a complete absolutist?Take one minute to think about it and write it down.

  12. Phillip II of Spain

  13. Rise to Power • Son of Charles V • Charles splits Holy Roman Empire • Phillip II gets Spain • Defends Catholicism • Spanish Armada loses to Elizabeth

  14. At Empires Peak • Taking new land • Portugal • Receiving gold from Americas • Large Army • 50,000 Soldiers • Prosperous Nation

  15. Political: England defeats the Armada There were less able successors after Philip II Economic: Middle class was taxed Nobles don’t pay taxes Inflation Rising population Declining silver value Other Countries Buy from other countries Money goes elsewhere Goods Expensive Owe money Empire WeakensDecline: Political and Economic

  16. Reformation causes trouble • Dutch Revolt • Why • Raises Taxes • Crush Protestantism • Revolt • 11 years of fighting • Declare Independence Expulsion of Muslims and Jews = deprived the economy of many skilled artisans and merchants