100 likes | 186 Vues
Teen Pregnancy in Woodbury County. Stephanie Bell Ph.D. Briar Cliff University. Data . Source: Urban 8. Possible Reasons. Graduation Rates Income Level Sexual Education Juvenile Arrests Other?. Graduation Rates.
E N D
Teen Pregnancy in Woodbury County Stephanie Bell Ph.D. Briar Cliff University
Data Source: Urban 8
Possible Reasons • Graduation Rates • Income Level • Sexual Education • Juvenile Arrests • Other?
Graduation Rates • In some communities “It is the social norm to become sexually active at an early age and not to make school a priority” (Warren, 2012, p.1) • Sioux City (87.1%) compared to the state of Iowa (89.7%) is not particularly concerning • From 2009-2013 graduation rates in Sioux City have steadily increased (Urban 8 report).
Income Level • Woodbury county below the average income of Iowa • Cost plays a factor in obtaining contraceptives (especially long term ones) (Brown, 2010; Eaton, 2011). • “Poverty is both a cause and consequence of early and unplanned pregnancy” (Brown, 2010, p. 12).
Sexual Education • Common Contraceptive (i.e. pill, condoms) • Limited knowledge (Brown, 2010; Eaton, 2011) • Minority girls less likely to be on hormonal birth control (Schumacher, 2014) • Less Common Methods (i.e. implants) • Many teens have never heard of (Brown, 2010) • If they are aware, have concerns about the effectiveness and side effects • Sioux City Schools Sexual Education • Bishop Heelan • Abstinence Only A problem? (Stanger-Hall & Hall, 2011)
Juvenile Arrests • Woodbury has the highest rate of Juvenile Arrests when compared to the Urban 8 • Higher arrest rates correlated with higher teen pregnancy rates (more free time) • Lipman(2012) looked at the effects of Boys and Girls Club in an Urban area.
Other possibilities ????? Red Text: Increases Blue Text: Counties with pop > 10,000
References • Brown, S. (2010). Preventing teen unplanned pregnancy. Policy and Practice, 11-14. • Eaton, D. et al. (2011). Youth risk behavior surveillance-United States-2011. Surveillance Summaries, 61 (4), 1-168. • Lipman, H. (2012). Boys and girls clubs demonstrate their worth in cash. The Record. www.NorthJersey.com • Schumacher, A. (2014) Exploring the influence of body image on safer sex negotiation and risky sexual behaviors in adolescent females. University of Iowa College of Public Health. http://www.iowapha.org/Resources/Documents/3%20Exploring%20the%20Influence%20of%20Body%20Image%20on%20Safer%20Sex%20Negotiation%20and%20Risky%20Sexual%20Behaviors%20in%20Adolescent%20Females.pdf • Stanger-Hall, K. & Hall, D. (2011). Abstinence-only education and teen pregnancy rates: why we need comprehensive sex education in the U.S. PLOS One, 6 (10), 1-9. • Warren, B. (2012). Shelby County teems lead state in dropout rate, pregnancy, poverty. The Commercial Appeal.