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Grammar Review!

Grammar Review!

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Grammar Review!

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  1. Grammar Review!

  2. My brother hoping to get a job requested an interview. The girl who won third place is my teammate. NO CHANGE brother, hoping to get a job requested brother, hoping to get a job, requested brother hoping to get a job, requested NO CHANGE girl, who won third place is girl, who won third place, is girl who won third place, is

  3. Let me explain… • My brother, hoping to get a job, requested an interview. • This is non-essential information. It adds detail, but is not required in the sentence. • The girl who won third place is my teammate. • This sentence wouldn’t make sense if we didn’t know which girl she was talking about. • Clauses or phrases that answer which one are called “restrictive” and do not have a comma.

  4. The students, however do not like the new rules. The offense at least played a good game. NO CHANGE students, however, do students however do students however, do NO CHANGE offense at least, played offense, at least played offense, at least, played

  5. Let me explain… • The students, however, do not like the new rules. • The offense, at least, played a good game. • Both of these sentences have “interrupters.” They are nonessential, and are set off with commas.

  6. We need to do a better job getting to class on time our principal believes. Our principal believes we need to do a better job getting to class on time. NO CHANGE time our principal, believes time; our principal believes time, our principal believes NO CHANGE Our principal, believes we Our principal believes, we Our principal believes we,

  7. Let me explain… • We need to do a better job getting to class on time, our principal believes. • This is an afterthought, so it is not essential. • Not essential = Comma. • Our principal believes we need to do a better job getting to class on time. • In this sentence, the principal is the subject. • Therefore, it cannot be deleted; it is essential. • Essential = No Comma.

  8. I knew I had to get to class on time but I forgot my books back in my locker. I asked Jake for his book so I wasn’t late to class. NO CHANGE on time, but I on, time but I on time but I, NO CHANGE his book, so I his, book so I his book so I,

  9. Let me explain… • Use a comma between two complete sentences that are joined by a coordinating conjunction. F A N B O Y S or nd or ut r et o I knew I had to get to class on time . , but I forgot my books back in my locker . Gotta have this!

  10. Melissa is going to the store because she forget to buy the milk. After school today I need to visit my grandmother and goes to the library. NO CHANGE she forget to buys she forgot to buys she forgot to buy NO CHANGE grandmother and go grandmother, and go grandmother, and goes

  11. Let me explain… • Melissa is going to the store because sheforgot to buy the milk. • Verbs must agree in tense and match the subject. • Subject (Melissa) is singular. Tense is past. • After school today I need to visit by grandmother and go to the library. • The action (“go”) is performed by “I.” (“I go,” not “I goes.”) • Comma issue: Use a comma with FANBOYS only when it separates two complete sentences. (“Go to the library” is not a complete sentence.)

  12. After our bus broke down we were late to our first period class. I had many outstanding teachers at Hill middle school. NO CHANGE broke down we, broke down, we broke down; we NO CHANGE Hill Middle school Hill Middle School hill middle school

  13. Let me explain… • After our bus broke down, we were late to our first period class. • Use a comma after introductory phrases. • If you took away “After our bus broke down,” you would be left with a complete sentence. • I had many outstanding teachers at Hill Middle School. • Capitalize proper nouns (such as names of places and people). • The name of the school is Hill Middle School (not just “Hill.”)

  14. NO CHANGE next year, my grades next year: my grades next year; my grades I am considering taking an Honors course next year my grades are high enough. George Washington was the first president of the United States. NO CHANGE is will be had been

  15. Let me explain… I am considering taking an Honors course next year; my grades are high enough. • Use a semicolon in the same place you can use a period. It connects two closely related ideas. George Washington was the first president of the United States. • Use consistent and appropriate tense for the meaning of your sentence.