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The Holocaust

The Holocaust

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The Holocaust

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  1. The Holocaust The Genocide of Europe’s Jewry

  2. Why did Christians, followers of a religion stressing love and forgiveness, so often turn in hatred against innocent Jews? Why did Germany, a powerful, industrial society with a well-educated population, accept a form of anti-Semitism so extreme and cruel as to lead to the effort to destroy an entire group of human beings by the millions? Why were the democratic nations unable to find a way to stop Hitler and his Nazis from starting World War II and launching the Holocaust? Essential Questions

  3. Why did the Nazis organize the Holocaust in the form it took, of ghettos, railroad transportation to the death camps, gas chambers, and crematoria? In what ways, if any, was the Holocaust different from other genocidal events in history? Could or should the Allies have done more to rescue Jews and to stop the Holocaust once they realized it was being carried out? Essential Questions (continued)

  4. What do you know about the Holocaust? What do you want to know about the Holocaust? Reflections

  5. Studying the Holocaust Nazis’ Anti-Jewish Ideology and Rise to Power History of Jewish Persecution Aftermath Nazi Persecution of the Jews and the “Final Solution”

  6. Who Are the Jews? • Descendants of Abraham and Sarah • The Jewish tribes conquered Caanan (Israel) in ~1000 BCE after leaving Egypt (the Exodus) • Set up independent kingdom under King David • Conquered by Romans in 70 CE, which began the dispersion of Jews throughout Europe and Middle East (the Diaspora) Sculpture of Moses

  7. Anti-Semitism • Term coined in 1879 • Anti-Jewish sentiment had existed for hundreds of years before that The Eternal Jew, an anti-Semitic book

  8. Christian Anti-Semitism • Denied civil rights • Permitted synagogue burnings • Occupational exclusion • Yellow badges • Massacres • Ghettos • Expulsions Fresco depicting the crucifixion of Jesus

  9. “The missionaries of Christianity had said in effect, you have no right to live among us as Jews. The secular rulers who followed had proclaimed: you have no right to live among us. The German Nazis at last decreed: you have no right to live.”—Raul Hilberg Dead bodies stacked beneath Christmas wreaths at Buchenwald

  10. Martin Luther • 1483–1546 • Started the Protestant Reformation • Published “On the Jews and their Lies” • Called for the burning of synagogues • His work was honored by the Nazis Martin Luther