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Hypothalamus and pituitary

Hypothalamus and pituitary

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Hypothalamus and pituitary

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  1. Hypothalamus and pituitary Fig.7-11

  2. Posterior pituitary HYPOTHALAMUS POSTERIOR PITUITARY Vein Fig.7-12

  3. Anterior pituitary HYPOTHALAMUS Neurons Capillary bed Artery Portal vessels POSTERIOR PITUITARY Endocrine cells Capillary bed ANTERIOR PITUITARY Veins TO TARGET ORGANS Fig.7-12

  4. Adrenal gland Adrenalmedulla Adrenalcortex Fig. 23-1

  5. Goiter

  6. Goiter

  7. Bone growth Epiphysis Diaphysis Bone growth Compactbone Dividing chondrocytes Chondrocyte Chondrocytes Cartilage Old chondrocytes Epiphyseal plate Osteoblast Direction of growth Diaphysis Osteoblasts Newlycalcifiedbone Fig. 23-16

  8. Acromegaly Fig. 23-14

  9. Functions of muscle Triceps musclecontracts (extensor) Tricepsmusclerelaxes Bicepsmusclerelaxes Biceps musclecontracts (flexor) Flexion Extension Fig. 12-2

  10. Functions of muscle Peristalsis Vasoconstriction Hydrostatic Pressure Fig. 12-2

  11. Types of muscle Nucleus Muscle fiber(cell) Striations Skeletal muscle Fig. 12-1

  12. Types of muscle Striations Muscle fiber Intercalated disk Nucleus Cardiac muscle Fig. 12-1

  13. Types of muscle Muscle fiber Nucleus Smooth muscle Fig. 12-1

  14. Muscle structure Skeletal muscle Nerve andblood vessels T endon Connective tissue Muscle fascicle:bundle of fibers Connectivetissue Nucleus Muscle fiber Fig. 12-3

  15. Muscle structure ULTRASTRUCTURE OF MUSCLE Mitochondria Sarcoplasmicreticulum Thickfilament Thinfilament Nucleus T-tubules Myofibril Sarcolemma Fig. 12-3

  16. Muscle structure Sarcomere Z disk Z disk Myofibril Titin Z disk Z disk Myosin crossbridges M line M line Thick filaments Thin filaments Titin Troponin Myosin heads Hinge region Myosin tail Tropomyosin G-actin molecule Myosin molecule Actin chain Fig. 12-3

  17. Cross-bridge cycle 1 Cytosolic Ca2+ Troponin G-Actin 3 Tropomyosin shifts,exposing bindingsite on actin 2 TN TN 5 Myosin head Actinmoves Tropomyosinblocks bindingsite on actin ADP ADP 4 Pi Power stroke Pi Relaxed state. Myosin head cocked. Initiation of contraction Fig. 12-9

  18. Sarcomere contraction Fig. 12-8