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Chi-Square Test. Section 12.1. Categorical Variables. Based on observations Univariate – single categorical variable Example: Sample 100 people & ask if they agree or disagree with a question. Bivariate – uses two categorical variables

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## Chi-Square Test

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**Chi-Square Test**Section 12.1**Categorical Variables**• Based on observations • Univariate – single categorical variable • Example: Sample 100 people & ask if they agree or disagree with a question. • Bivariate – uses two categorical variables • Example: Sample 100 people & ask if they are male/female and what political party they support.**One-Way Frequency Table - univariate**Data Vertical One-Way Table Horizontal One-Way Table**Goodness of Fit Test**• Used to measure the extent to which the observed counts differ from the expected counts. • K = # categories of a catagorical variable • Df = k – 1 • Test Statistic:**Assumptions**• Observed Values are based on random Samples • Sample size is large – each cell count is at least 5.**Hypotheses**• Ho: State each proportion’s hypothesized value. • HA: At least 1 of the proportions differ from the hypothesized value.**It uses the Chi-Square Chart**• Positively Skewed • Uses d.f. • On calculator!**Is there a preference in type of car?**P1=proportion who prefer a SUV P2=proportion who prefer a truck p3=proportion who prefer a sedan P4=proportion who prefer a sports car Assumptions: Random Samples & all cell counts are at least 5. Use a Chi-Square goodness of fit Test P-val = xcdf(2.24,∞, 3)=0.52**A researcher believes that the number of homicides crimes in**CA by season is uniformly distributed. To test this claim, you randomly select 1200 homicides from a recent year and record the season when each happened.**Results from a previous survey asking people who go to**movies at least once a month are shown in the table below. To determine whether this distribution is still the same, you randomly select 1000 people who go to movies at least once a month and record the age of each. Are the distributions the same?**Homework**• Worksheet

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