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SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES

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SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES

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  1. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES What You Don’t Know… CAN HURT YOU! Presented By: Harmony Russell Intern at The Santa Rosa County Department of Health Student at the University of West Florida: Community Health Education

  2. What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases? WebMD: Commonly called STDs; are diseases that are spread by having sex with someone who has an STD. You can get a sexually transmitted disease from sexual activity that involves the mouth, anus, vagina, or penis. Merriam-Webster: Any of various diseases or infections that can be transmitted by direct sexual contact.

  3. BACTERIAL VIRAL VS What’s What? • VIRAL • HIV/AIDS • Herpes • Hepatitis B • Genital Warts-HPV • BACTERIAL • Chlamydia • Syphilis • Gonorrhea • Trichomoniasis

  4. TRUE OR FALSE A person can always tell if he/she has an STI. FALSE

  5. Chlamydia Street Name: The Silent Disease The Breakdown: Most frequently reported STD in the U.S. • Symptoms: • No symptoms • If symptoms occur, takes several weeks to appear • Can damage women’sreproductive organs • The Facts: • Can infect both Men & Women • 2.86 Million infections occur every year • 1 in 15 sexually active females aged 14-19 years has chlamydia • Treatment: • Can be treated and cured with antibiotics • If left untreated, can cause recurrences • Increases a woman’s risk for reproductive health complications • Need to be retested 3 months after treatment

  6. Chlamydia Street Name: The Silent Disease The Breakdown: Most frequently reported STD in the U.S.

  7. HIV/AIDS Street Name: The new epidemic or the deadly disease The Breakdown: When you have it, you got it for LIFE! • The Facts: • Individuals with an STD are 2-5 times more likely to acquire HIV than uninfected individuals • Contracted through sexual activity with an infected person or through contaminated needle in drug use • Treatment: • Cannot be cured • Majority die from infections associated with the disease • Anti-viral medications can slow progression from infection • Symptoms: • No characteristic set of symptoms • Unexplained weight loss • Flu-like symptoms • White spots in the mouth • Yeast infection in women

  8. HIV/AIDS Street Name: The new epidemic or the deadly disease The Breakdown: When you have it, you got it for LIFE!

  9. TRUE OR FALSE If treated with the appropriate medical treatment, all STIs except HIV infection can be cured. FALSE

  10. Hepatitis Street Name: The Dragon, Hep A, Hep B, or Hep C The Breakdown: Can all be passed through sexual intercourse & B, C A, • The Facts: • Three main types of Hepatitis that can be passed through sexual intercourse: • TYPE A= eating and drinking contaminated food/water. Also through oral sex. • TYPE B= very infectious; can spread through unprotected sex or sharing contaminated needles. • TYPE C= transmitted through sexual intercourse with someone infected with sores on genitals that may bleed. • Treatment: • Cannot be cured • Left untreated can lead to miscarriage and liver problems • Adequate nutrition and rest is important • Symptoms: • Mild flu-like symptoms • Nausea • Vomiting • Diarrhea • Loss of appetite • Jaundice • Darker yellow urine

  11. Hepatitis & B, C A, Street Name: The Dragon, Hep A, Hep B, or Hep C The Breakdown: Can all be passed through sexual intercourse

  12. Street Name: Cold Sores or Fever Blisters The Breakdown: 1 out of 5 adolescents & adults have it Herpes • The Facts: • Can spread through contact of a sore or area where a sore is no longer visible • Can get genital herpes from a cold sore performed via oral sex • Majority affected are asymptomatic or have mild signs or symptoms • Symptoms: • Flu-like symptoms including fever and swollen glands • Symptoms may show 1-30 days after exposure • Blisters may last 1-3 weeks • Treatment: • Cannot be cured; medications are available to shorten & prevent outbreaks • Acyclovir can relieve symptoms

  13. Herpes Street Name: Cold Sores or Fever Blisters The Breakdown: 1 out of 5 adolescents & adults have it

  14. TRUE OR FALSE Women who have regular Pap tests will also find out if they have an STI. FALSE

  15. Genital Street Name: HPV The Breakdown: Over 100 types of HPV; 30 types from sexual contact Warts • The Facts: • Is a form of HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) • Over 100 types of HPV • Soft, moist, and flesh colored and appear on the outside or inside of vagina, penis, and/or anus • Linked to several types of cancer; particularly cervical cancer • Symptoms: • Can be painless, but uncomfortable due to size and itching • Warts may bleed if irritated • Treatment: • Chemical treatment by freezing, burning or laser removal of warts • You can get rid of the warts, but not the virus • Warts can reappear after treatment

  16. Genital Street Name: HPV The Breakdown: Over 100 types of HPV; 30 types from sexual contact Warts

  17. TRUE OR FALSE Oral sex is the safest kind of sexual behavior if you don’t want to get a disease. FALSE

  18. Street Name: Syph, Pox, or Bad Blood The Breakdown: Visible on the external genitals, vagina, or rectum Syphilis • 2 Stages of Symptoms: • 1st Stage= painless reddish-brown sores on sex organs, breasts, or fingers • Sores can last 1-5 weeks • Symptoms can appear 3-12 weeks after sex • 2nd Stage= hair loss, headache, fever, sore throat, rash anywhere on body • Symptoms show 1-6 months after sores heal • The Facts: • Sores are visible on the external genitals, vagina, or rectum • Can appear on the lips or mouth • A mother may pass along to her child during childbirth • Treatment: • If detected early enough, can be treated and cured • Antibiotics are prescribed • Left untreated can lead to heart, brain, and other organ damage; possibly death

  19. Street Name: Syph, Pox, or Bad Blood The Breakdown: Visible on the external genitals, vagina, or rectum Syphilis

  20. Street Name: Trich The Breakdown: Most curable STD in young, sexually active women Trichomoniasis • Symptoms: • Males: • No symptoms; can experience irritation while urinating and/or mild discharge • Females: • frothy, yellow-green vaginal discharge with a strong odor; can cause irritation and itching in vaginal area • The Facts: • Symptoms are more common in females • The vagina is the most common site of infection • Can increase a woman’s susceptibility to HIV infection • Treatment: • Can be treated and cured through medication

  21. Street Name: Trich The Breakdown: Most curable STD in young, sexually active women Trichomoniasis

  22. Street Name: The Drip, Race Horse or The Whites The Breakdown: Can grow in the throat, mouth, and eyes Gonorrhea • The Facts: • Caused by bacterium growing in warm, moist areas • Also likely to grow in the throat, mouth and eyes • More than 700,000 people get infected each year • Symptoms: • Women: • thick-yellow vaginal discharge. • Burning or painful urinating • Bleeding between menstruation • Men: • yellow or white discharge from penis • Burning or painful urinating • Frequent urination • Treatment: • Antibiotics can help treat and cure the disease • Successful treatment is becoming difficult

  23. Street Name: The Drip, Race Horse or The Whites The Breakdown: Can grow in the throat, mouth, and eyes Gonorrhea

  24. References http://www.greattowait.com/STDs.html http://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/sexually%20transmitted%20disease http://www.webmd.com/sexual-conditions/guide/sexual-health-stds http://www.myskin.gr/hpv/img/dummies/f-03.jpg http://simple-health-secrets.com/chlamydia-disease-image-chlamydia-disease-pictures/ http://obgye.fc2web.com/link/link2.htm http://qiqiacnetreatment.com/chlamydia-in-the-tongue/ http://www.documentingreality.com/forum/f149/man-herpes-face-126648/ http://diseasespictures.com/gonorrhea-mouth/ http://hardinmd.lib.uiowa.edu/cdc/gonorrhea7.html http://digitaljournal.com/article/331536 http://www.sos03.com/Diseases/Venereal/Syphilis http://bestpractice.bmj.com/best-practice/monograph/128/resources/image/bp/1.html http://www.floridahealth.gov/diseases-and-conditions/sexually-transmitted-diseases/std-publications/_documents/fs-hsv-english.pdf http://www.floridahealth.gov/diseases-and-conditions/sexually-transmitted-diseases/std-publications/index.html http://www.cdc.gov/std/trichomonas/STDFact-Trichomoniasis.htm http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/statistics/basics/ataglance.html

  25. References http://www.ok.gov/health/Disease,_Prevention,_Preparedness/Acute_Disease_Service/Disease_Information/Hepatitis_A.html http://aapredbook.aappublications.org/content/1/SEC131/SEC226/G1987.expansion.html http://heresalink.com/search/wtf http://hologiced.com/cme-ceu/ http://www.stressfreeuni.com/unihealth/unisex/sexually-transmissible-infections/trichomoniasis/ http://www.hellenicdermatlas.com/en/viewpicture/173/ http://www.floridahealth.gov/diseases-and-conditions/sexually-transmitted-diseases/index.html http://www.floridahealth.gov/diseases-and-conditions/sexually-transmitted-diseases/index.html http://www.floridahealth.gov/diseases-and-conditions/sexually-transmitted-diseases/std-publications/_documents/fs-chlamydia-english.pdf