Professor Smith Unit 3 & 4 and Midterm Review
Unit 3 • Make sure you review the power point • Read chapters • Complete your project in time • Case study • Other Unit 3 assignments • Read Chapter 3 & 8 In course text, Law in Public Health Practice • Respond to the discussion question You will discuss legal counsel 40 Points • Check out Extra! Extra! Review the Model State Emergency Health Powers Act
Project • Must be 750 words • APA style • Minimum of 3 online references • Any Questions?
Ethical Decisions • How will I derive to my decision? • First we determine what ethics are • ethics refers to standards of behavior that tell us how human beings ought to act in the many situations in which they find themselves-as friends, parents, children, citizens, businesspeople, teachers, professionals, and so on.
Ethical Decisions • Next we determine what ethics aren’t? • Not emotions • Feelings • Not religion • Not always laws • Not standard
Why is making ethical decisions a challenge? • There are two fundamental problems in identifying the ethical standards we are to follow:1. On what do we base our ethical standards?2. How do those standards get applied to specific situations we face?
Five Sources of Ethical Standards • The Utilitarian ApproachSome ethicists emphasize that the ethical action is the one that provides the most good or does the least harm, or, to put it another way, produces the greatest balance of good over harm. • The Rights ApproachThis approach starts from the belief that humans have a dignity based on their human nature per se or on their ability to choose freely what they do with their lives. • The Fairness or Justice ApproachToday we use this idea to say that ethical actions treat all human beings equally-or if unequally, then fairly based on some standard that is defensible. We pay people more based on their harder work or the greater amount that they contribute to an organization, and say that is fair. • The Common Good ApproachThis approach suggests that the interlocking relationships of society are the basis of ethical reasoning and that respect and compassion for all others-especially the vulnerable-are requirements of such reasoning. • The Virtue Approach. These virtues are dispositions and habits that enable us to act according to the highest potential of our character and on behalf of values like truth and beauty.
A Framework for Ethical Decision Making • Recognize an ethical issue • Get the facts • Evaluate Alternative Actions • Make a decision and test it • Act and reflect an outcome
Chapter 3 • Regulating public health • Future Challenges
Chapter 8 • Legal Council • Initial encounters between public health practitioner and legal counsel • The role of counsel to a public health agency
Unit 4 • Read Chapter 6 & 9 In course text, Law in Public Health Practice • Respond to the discussion question You will discuss mandatory reporting of diseases 40 Points • Attend the optional flex seminar Log in from Student Home Page • Complete the midterm examination Take the midterm examination 100 points • Check out Extra! Extra! Review the CDC site for Emergency Preparedness and Response
Unit 4 Midterm Review • Midterm Study Guide • civil strategies and remedies for public health practice • Institutes of Medicine (IOM) suggested that public health should return to its origins by focusing on three core functions • public-private partnerships • an administrative agency independent of the executive branch of government • concept of disease surveillance is authorized • The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people." • means that the superior government unit can block the inferior government entity from regulating a particular area
In which case does the court rule that the state health department went beyond its authority to create a separate council to issue tobacco-control regulations • What provides a framework allowing for the facilitation of the detection, management, and containment of public health emergencies while appropriately safeguarding personal and proprietary interests • What follows Administrative regulations • Has the U.S. Constitution generally not been interpreted as granting, mandating, or otherwise conferring affirmative duties on government to act to improve public health? • Which court is specifically directed to be established by the U.S. Constitution under Article III and typically has discretion over whether to take an appeal? • Does confidentiality laws differ in the public health context as opposed to health information gathered during the normal course of patient care?
Questions • Good night!!