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Physical Properties

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  1. Physical Properties Physical properties are ways to describe substances. ex: blue diameter = 1.0 cm boiling point = 34 degrees C

  2. Physical Changes … are changes which do not result in a new substance. Examples: Tearing, chopping, wetting, mixing, cracking, hammering, separating, boiling, freezing, distilling, melting, boiling, subliming,…

  3. Chemical Properties -- the ability to undergo a chemical change.

  4. Chemical Changes Things which cause the identity of a substance to change. Burning, reacting, tarnishing, oxidizing, baking, cooking, decomposing,

  5. How can you tell if a change is Chemical or physical? • Physical changes are expected… if you add heat and something melts, of course it would melt. • Chemical changes are unexpected… if you add heat and something solidifies … you wonder if you are going crazy … you aren’t, you just saw a chemical reaction.

  6. What if you don’t know what to expect? • Chemical changes are difficult or impossible to reverse because the substances obtain new identities as the molecules trade partners (make or break chemical bonds) • Physical changes are reversible, or at least, don’t result in a new substance – so although it is hard to un-rip paper, you can still use it as paper once you tape it back together. • In contrast, iron is magnetic when unreacted. Sulfur is a yellow powder. When reacted, a black, non-magnetic substance results. • If you mix iron and sulfur and don’t react them, the mixture is greyish-yellow, but the iron is still magnetic.