Dylan Katekaru Civil War, Progressive era, WWI Timeline
Paper Money • The appearance of this money began circulating in 1862 as there was pressure to finance the civil war. It replaced paper notes that were issued by local banks and that were not accepted in all regions. Although paper money was not accepted in all regions either it was backed by the federal government and it completely changed the U.S. central banking system creating the new standard in currency. The prior paper notes would only receive up to 90 percent of the original value. Many soldiers during the war demanded that they be paid in this new standard of currency. This new legal tender completely changed the us banking system and created the money that we currently use today
Pocket watch • The pocket watch, although outdated, is one of the greatest innovations during the civil war. It created the first portable clock, the ancestor of the wrist watch. The pocket watch was dated back to as early as 1462, but did not come readily available until the late 19th century to the early 20th century. The pocket watch was commonly used by the masses and soldiers. The Waltham Watch company had found a way to interchange the original pieces to make the watches more affordable for your average Joe. It was used by soldiers to keep track of their schedules and stay on camp time. The engravings upon the front of the watches also reminded the soldiers of their loved ones back home. These watches revolutionized time telling. Eventually creating newer brands and digital watches.
Automobile • Although automobiles had been built much earlier prior to the progressive era no vehicle had been produced unlike Karl Benz and WilheimMaybach models made in Germany.They both had created new innovative vehicles that ran on gasoline and had the capabilities to run and be improved upon. The first mass produced vehicle was produced in the United States in 1901 and was the curved dash oldsmobile and was helped created largely in part thanks to Henry Ford’s assembly line which led to the model T. The innovations made upon the automobile moved technology forward eventually leading to today’s modern creations and works of art.
Railway Guns • Can be dated back to the 19th century, however, these guns became notorious during world war 1 when the Germans created rail guns A.K.A “Paris Guns”. It appeared in 1918 and was mounted upon specially built wagons and had a much larger range than most other guns. They were remnants of leftover naval artillery pieces and delivered massive firepower that could fire as far as 75 miles. These pieces of artillery were heavily used and were admired for their awesome destructive capabilities. The bad part about them is that they were larger and were easier targets. The guns were often mounted upon armored trains. They were completely vulnerable to attacks from the air as enemy aircrafts dropped tons and tons of explosives upon them. Each country developed their own version of the railway gun but the Germans had created the most advanced of them. These massive guns got outdated and more advanced weapons were developed.
Anti Aircraft Artillery • The use of anti air was widely used in the early stages of world war one and developing further into the 1930’s. With this new piece of machinery the way the war was fought jumpedto a whole new level as the war now took to the sky. These inventions added a new offense, however a new defense strategy must be developed. Their solution to this was anti aircraft artillery. They mounted artillery pieces upon armored vehicles that could fire 4 rounds per minute and at a range up to 3000 yards. These weapons were quite ineffective alone, however when combined in groups and fired together it’s a whole different story. As time whent on these innovations developed.