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Civil War Timeline

Civil War Timeline

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Civil War Timeline

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Civil War Timeline

  2. Set up timeline on two pages with a line all the way across the middle 1861

  3. April 17, 1861 • 11 states in the confederacy

  4. April 19, 1861 • Lincoln blockades the South – tries to cut off supplies from getting to the south

  5. Blockade Runners • Small boats that tried to get past the Union ships to get supplies into the South • At the beginning of the war, Lincoln didn’t have enough boats to effectively blockade the South • Throughout the war he got more boats

  6. Blockade Runners • Wilmington – Blockade Runners supplied the city throughout the war • One brought in Yellow Fever • Sometimes they sank

  7. Site of a wreck

  8. Guns brought up from a wreck

  9. More from the wrecks

  10. Examples of guns

  11. Porthole from the Peterhov

  12. July 21, 1861 • Battle of Bull Run • Believing that the war wouldn’t last long, people brought picnics to sit and watch the battle • Union defeat

  13. February 6, 1862 • Victory for Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Tennessee, capturing Fort Henry, and ten days later Fort Donelson. • Grant earns the nickname "Unconditional Surrender" Grant. 

  14. March 8/9, 1862 • Merrimac vs. Monitor • The Confederate Ironclad 'Merrimac' sinks two wooden Union ships then battles the Union Ironclad 'Monitor' to a draw. • Naval warfare changes making wooden ships obsolete

  15. September 17, 1862 • Battle of Antietam • The bloodiest day in U.S. military history • By nightfall 26,000 men are dead, wounded, or missing. • Confederates withdraws to Virginia. 

  16. December 13, 1862 • Battle of Fredericksburg • Union defeat • One of the greatest victories for the Confederates

  17. January 1, 1863 • President Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation • freeing all slaves in territories held by Confederates • encourages the enlisting of black soldiers in the Union Army. • The war becomes the war to end slavery • It wasn’t easy to enforce • Not many slaves knew about it

  18. July 1-3, 1863 • Battle of Gettysburg • South loses • Turning Point of the war • Devastated the South Economy  • South loses support of England

  19. November 19, 1863 • President Lincoln delivers a two minute Gettysburg Address at a ceremony dedicating the Battlefield as a National Cemetery. 

  20. The Gettysburg Address • Stop here and watch America the Story of Us • Wednesday • Students complete Gettysburg address activity

  21. June 15, 1864 • Union army misses the chance to capture Petersburg • Instead they put Petersburg under siege for 9 months

  22. September 2 • General Sherman (Union) captures Atlanta • Victory helps Lincoln get re-elected

  23. November 8, 1864 • Abe Lincoln is re-elected

  24. December 21, 1864 • Sherman’s March to the Sea • Sherman marches his troops from Atlanta to Savannah destroying everything in his path

  25. Sherman’s March to the sea

  26. January 13-15 • The Battle of Ft. Fisher • Union wins and now controls the entrance to the South’s last major Port

  27. The Mounds

  28. The Bloody Gate – butter story

  29. Re-enactors

  30. The Batman

  31. January 31, 1865 • 13th Amendment approved • Officially abolishes slavery

  32. Lincoln stuff from Prezi • Watch “The Powers of War” • Why was it so important to pass the 13th amendment before the end of the war? • Lincoln didn’t think the Emancipation Proclamation would hold up in court…therefore the slaves had to be freed by law

  33. Lincoln’s Struggle • He needed votes to pass the Amendment • In order to secure Republican votes, he made a deal to discuss peace with the South • This upset many

  34. Lincoln • Watch the clip and take notes on: • how Lincoln chooses to handle this problem • why does he change the telegraph that he is sending to U. S. Grant? • Why does he stop the Confederates from coming to talk peace? • 1:14:25 "No 16 Year olds left"

  35. The Answer • He believes that the freedom of the slaves must be done before ending the war. Therefore he can't talk peace yet.

  36. Watch the Clip "Morning of the Vote“ • How does George Pendleton try to stop the vote?

  37. February 22, 1865 • Wilmington is captured • Bellamy Mansion becomes Union headquarters • Lee said, “If Wilmington falls, the Confederacy falls” • Wilmington was the last port for the South

  38. April 2, 1865 • The Union takes Richmond, Virginia – Confederate Capitol

  39. April 9, 1865 • Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox Court House

  40. April 14, 1865 • Lincoln and his wife go to a play at Ford’s Theatre • John Wilkes Booth sneaks in and shoots Lincoln

  41. April 15, 1865 • Lincoln dies • VP Andrew Johnson assumes presidency

  42. April 26, 1865 • John Wilkes Booth is shot and killed in a barn

  43. May 1, 1865 • Reconstruction begins