The Holocaust Group 4: Nathan Chua #8 Avinash Chugani #9 Austin Huang #15 Chino Rodriguez #26 Luigi Sison #28 Federico Tan #29
Holocaust • Concentration Camps • Jewish Problem • Labor Camps • The “Final Solution”
I. Holocaust Holocaust is the term that Jews describe as the murder of 6 million Jews in Europe during World War II or WWII that was orchestrated by the “Nazi Party in Germany. The Holocaust refers to the period from January 30, 1933, when Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany, to May 8, 1945, when the war in Europe ended.
During this time, Jews in Europe were subjected to progressively harsh killings that ultimately led to the murder of 6,000,000 Jews (1.5 million of these being children) and the destruction of 5,000 Jewish communities. These deaths represented two-thirds of European Jewry and one-third of world Jewry. The Jews who died were not casualties of the fighting that ravaged Europe during World War II.
Rather, they were the victims of Germany's deliberate and systematic attempt to annihilate the entire Jewish population of Europe, a plan Hitler called the “Final Solution” or the Holocaust.
II. Concentration Camps • Amersfoot • Bergana ana Elster • Bergen- Belsen • Blechhammer • Breendock • Buchenwald
In 1937, the Nazis constructed Buchenwald concentration camp, near Weimar, Germany. Placed over the camp's main entrance gate, was the slogan Jedem das Seine (literally "to each his own", but figuratively "everyone gets what he deserves"). Although Buchenwald technically was not an extermination camp, it was a site of an extraordinary number of deaths.
A primary cause of death was illness due to harsh camp conditions, with starvation - and its consequent illnesses - prevalent. According to SS documents, 33,462 died in Buchenwald. According to the same source, the total number of deaths at Buchenwald is estimated at 56,545.
This number is the sum of: • Deaths according to material left behind by SS: 33,462 • Executions by shooting: 8,483 • Executions by hanging (estimate): 1,100 • Deaths during evacuation transports: 13,500
7. Camps 8. Dachau 9. Death Marches 10. Drancy 11. Ebensee 12. Esterwegen 13. Flossenburg 14. Gassing 15. Grose- Rosen
16. Gurs (Transit Camp) 17. Janowska 18. Jasenocac 19. Kasiderwald 20. Koldichrto 21. Malines (Transit Camp) 22. Maly Trostenets 23. Mauthausen- Gusen
24. Natzuieiler- Struthof 25. Nevernganme 26. Norchansen 27. Omnen 28. Pustkow 29. Radogosz 30. Ravensbrick 31. Riversalts (transit camp)
32. Sachsenhausen 33. Sonderkommando 34. Stutthof 35. Vairara 36. Vught -Oranueburg 37. Westerbork (transit camp)
III. Jewish problem/question The Jewish problem existed and the Holocaust was developed because Adolf Hitler hated the Jews and wanted to drive then from Germany’s political, intellectual and cultural life. “Once I really am in power, my first and foremost task will be the annihilation of the Jews.
As soon as I have the power to do so, I will have gallows built in rows. Then the Jews will be hanged indiscriminately, and they will remain hanging until they stink; they will hang there as long as the principles of hygiene permit.
As soon as they have been untied, the next batch will be strung up, and so on down the line, until the last Jew in Munich has been exterminated. Other cities will follow suit, precisely in this fashion, until all Germany has been completely cleansed of Jews. ” The “final solution” solved this Jewish question for the Nazis.
It was done by poison gas, shooting the Jews to death and starvation for the Jews.
IV. Labor Camps • Alderny • Bar • Dakaovo • Danica • Gladika • Gurs • Jadovno • Jasenovac • Lagendi • Malmes • Noe • Salaspils • Stara Gradiska • Loporgrand • Tartu
V. The “Final Solution” The Final Solution was Nazi Germany's plan and execution of the systematic genocide of European Jews during World War II, resulting in the final, most deadly phase of the Holocaust. Heinrich Himmler was the chief architect of the plan, and the German Nazi leader Adolf Hitler termed it :
"the final solution of the Jewish question” because the Jewish question led to the “final solution” or the genocide of all the Jews in Europe. By far the most infamous use of this expression (“Jewish question) was by the Nazis in the early- and mid- twentieth century.
THANK YOU ! References: • en.wikipedia.org • www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org • http://www.bbc.co.uk/ • XS Grade School LRC : The Holocaust THANK YOU !