American Revolution - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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American Revolution

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  1. American Revolution

  2. American Discontent • The 13 Colonies • Boston, New York, & Philadelphia • Britain wanted the colonies to pay taxes • Colonists cried “No Taxation, Without Representation”

  3. American Discontent • Violence • Boston Massacre – British soldiers killed 5 protesters • Boston Tea Party – Colonists threw tea into the harbor

  4. American Discontent • Congress set up a Continental Army led by George Washington • Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence • It declared popular sovereignty

  5. American Discontent • July 4, 1776 – America becomes independent

  6. The American Revolution Begins • The British had professional soldiers, a huge fleet of ships, and lots of money • 1/3 of the Colonists were Loyalist

  7. The Long Struggle to Victory • The Colonies had little money • But they were fighting for their land!

  8. The Long Struggle to Victory • Colonies had France, Spain and the Netherlands as Allies • 1781 – The Treaty of Paris was signed and the war ended

  9. A New Constitution • 1787 – The Constitution was created • Created a federal republic • Power divided between national and state government

  10. A New Constitution • Three branches of government • Legislative, executive, and judicial • Bill of Rights – first 10 Amendments in the constitutions

  11. A New Constitution • These include – freedom of religion, speech and press