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THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH

THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH

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THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH

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  1. THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH The President The Vice President The Cabinet Executive Depts. & Bureaucracy

  2. Qualifications for Pres. & V.P. Must be 35 years old Must be a natural born citizen Must have lived in the U.S. the last 14 years

  3. Term of office: 22nd Amendment • The President and V-P. are elected to four year terms • The 22nd amendment limits the president to two terms or no more than 10 years

  4. Salary $400,000(2001) $150,000 for expenses $100,000 for travel White House 132 rooms and office Camp David Resort Medical & Dental Care Secret service protection-life Pension Transportation Compensation

  5. Presidential Succession Act • 1. Vice-President of the U.S. • 2. Speaker of the House • 3. President pro tempore of Senate • 4. Cabinet in order of department creation (Sec. State, Treasury, Defense) • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_presidential_line_of_succession

  6. 25th Amendment • Vice President will become president if president is removed from office. (think Nixon) • If vice presidency is vacant the president will nominate a successor to approved by congress. (think Agnew)

  7. 25th Amendment con’t • If president has inability perform duties the vice-president will become acting president. • When the president notifies congress that the inability no longer exists he/she may resume power provided congress agrees.

  8. The Electoral college • Each state will have electors = to the number of senators + representatives given to that state • Electors may not hold any other office • Electors will be appointed by state legislature • Electors will determine the pres. And vice-pres.

  9. Removal of President • The president and vice president may be removed from office upon conviction of impeachment for high crimes and misdemeanors. *Note: No president has ever been removed from office.

  10. PRESIDENTIAL POWERS(constitutional) • Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces • Grant reprieves & pardons for federal offenses • Call special session of Congress • Receive ambassadors • Execute laws • Appoint officials to lesser offices

  11. War Powers Act 1973 • War Powers Act of 1973 attempted to limit the president’s power to use • troops. • 􀁹 Required presidents to consult with Congress before using military force. • 􀁹 Mandated withdrawal of forces after 60 days unless Congress declared war or • granted an extension. • 􀁹 Partially successful. Presidents have regarded the act as an unconstitutional • infringement on their constitutional powers.

  12. Powers Shared w/ Congress • Make Treaties • Appoint Ambassadors, Judges, & high officials • Approve Legislation

  13. Other Powers • Executive orders • Signing Statements

  14. Secretary of Homeland Security

  15. Categorizing Presidents Barber argues that the first four presidents fit nicely into the four categories of the typology…