Question • What are examples in History, in which people were discriminated against, hated because of their race, religion or political ties? • Discuss with a partner what it means to discriminate against?
Pyramid of Hate • This pyramid shows how hate can escalate into something more than just discrimination but into extermination.
What is Genocide? • The Systematic and purposeful destruction of a racial, political, religious, or cultural group. • Past and Current Genocides • The Holocaust • Armenians • Soviet Union • Cambodia • Rwanda • Yugoslavia • Dafur
Elements Leading to the Holocaust • Totalitarianism combined with Nationalism • History of Anti-Semitism • Defeat in World War I • Hitler’s belief in the Master Race • The Final Solution
Totalitarianism • Centralized control by an autocratic authority and the political concept that the citizens should be totally subjected to an absolute state authority
Loyalty and devotion to a nation; and a sense of national consciousness exalting ones nation above all others and placing primary emphasis on promotion of its culture and interests as opposed to those of other nations or supranational groups. Nationalism
Anti-Semitism • Hostility toward or discrimination against Jews as a religious, ethnic, or racial group.
Master Race • Used in Nazism to designate a supposed master race of Non-Jewish Caucasians usually having Nordic features. • Blond hair and Blue eyes • Known as the Aryan Race Chart Showing the Races of Germany
Final Solution • Ghettos • Camps • Transportation • Gas Chambers • Crematories
Transportation • Discuss with a partner on how you believe the transportation of millions of people was actually able to take place? Click Here for Answer
Ghetto • An area within a city that all Jews were forced to live. • Food rations and living conditions were very poor. • Major Ghettos • Warsaw • Lodz • Kovno
Concentration Camps • Types of Camps • Concentration/Labor • Extermination/Death • Major Camps • Dauchau-Buchenwald • Auschwitz • Treblinkia • Bikenau
Transportation • Systematic Deportation • Boxcar • 100+ people in one car • Doors were bolted shut • No place to sit down • Often people were forced to pay for their transportation • No food or water given.
Gas Chambers • Many victims did not know of their death • Gas Chambers were referred to as Baths/Showers • Zyklon B – was used as a poison • Millions of people came to their deaths.
Crematoriums • Prisoners were forced to staff the crematoriums. • Their job was to remove all valuables from the victims. Click here to watch a Survivors Testimony…
Armenian Genocide • 1915 – 1923 • 1,500,000 men, women and children murdered • 500,000 survivors expelled form their homes
Soviet Union (Famine) • Peasants, government and military leaders, and members of the elite • 1932 – 1933 • Man made famine – Soviet troops seized all of the crops
Cambodia • Educated, artists, technicians, formers government officials, monks, and minorities. • 1975- 1979 • 1,700,000 murdered – this includes those who died by slave labor
Rwanda • Tutsi and moderate Hutus • 1994 • Lasted only 100 days • 937,000 murdered – largest amounts of people to die in genocide per day
Yugoslavia • Bosnian Muslims and Croats • 1992 – 1995 • Srebrenica Massacre – 8,000 murdered
Darfur • 80 black African groups (including – Fur, Zaghawa and Massalit) • 2,000,000 murdered • 4,000,000 displaced • Currently ongoing • Conflict began in February 2003 • Stems from the 1980’s • Estimates 200,000 killed – this is a conservative estimate