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Chapter 16

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Chapter 16

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  1. Chapter 16 Career and Job Search Skills

  2. Chapter 16 Lessons Lesson 16-1 On-the-job Teamwork Lesson 16-2 Finding jobs Lesson 16-3 Investigating salaries and comparing jobs Chapter 16

  3. Department shopping • Choosing a career cannot be taken lightly. • Take time to study the possibilities: • Search the latest employment info. • Think about what you want to do. • Evaluate your career options. • Consider how people actually get their work done – teamwork is critical. Chapter 16

  4. Lesson 16-1 On-The-Job Teamwork In this Lesson You Will: 1. Learn how teams and departments are organized on the job and how mission-critical functions help businesses succeed. 2. Investigate career paths. 3. Learn the purpose of job descriptions, examine the parts of a typical job description, and classify jobs by departments and career clusters. Chapter 16

  5. Department Duties and Functions • When you take a job, you are likely to be assigned to a team or group whose members perform similar tasks. • Your group is likely to be assigned to a department in the company. Departments are organized to accomplish essential, or mission-critical, activities that are vital to the success of a business. Chapter 16

  6. Career Path Choices • Companies, schools, and government agencies post jobs and job descriptions on their online websites. • To find the jobs, visit the organization’s Web page and look for a link that says Employment Opportunities, Career Opportunities, Jobs, or something similar. Chapter 16

  7. Examining a Job Description • A job description lists the duties to be performed in a particular job, and generally includes: • Job title • Job environment or working conditions (including the location of employment) • Main responsibilities or primary duties • Education, skills, and experience required Chapter 16

  8. Lesson 16-2 Finding Jobs In this Lesson You Will: 1. Search for jobs in the Occupational Outlook Handbook and complete a career analysis. 2. Search for jobs through government-sponsored and private job placement websites and complete a career analysis. 3. Search for jobs through corporate websites and complete a career analysis. 4. Search for jobs through local sources and complete a career analysis. Chapter 16

  9. Does the Description Fit you? • Someone who submits an application for employment is often called a candidate or an applicant. • Résuméslist the skills and qualifications that candidates have that would qualify them for a specific job. • Screening is a process of elimination—weeding out the unqualified candidates and allowing the most qualified applicants to rise to the top. • An interview is a two-way, question-and-answer meeting between a candidate and representatives of the company. Chapter 16

  10. The Occupational Outlook Handbook The Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH) is a publication of the U.S. Department of Labor and contains information about jobs nationwide. The OOH describes thousands of jobs that people do. Chapter 16

  11. Searching for Jobs Online • You can use the Internet to: • Find job descriptions. • Locate current job openings. • Build and distribute a winning resume. • Send applications to potential employers. • Prepare for a job interview. • Compare salaries. Chapter 16

  12. Job Descriptions on Corporate Websites • Many companies list employment opportunities on their websites. • Major corporations have jobs for every career cluster. Chapter 16

  13. Help Wanted • You can learn about job openings from: • Ads in local newspapers • Flyers in storefront windows • People you know • Local employment agencies • There are many resources available to prospective employees: • School Career Centers and Placement Services • Professional Organizations and Unions • Employment Agencies • Community Agencies • Local Employers Chapter 16

  14. Digital Snapshot: Temporary Employment, Internships, and Apprenticeships • A temporary employment agency is a company that hires individuals to fill short-term jobs. These jobs may last a single day or many months. • Temporary employees are often called temporary workers or temps. • An internship is a program of temporary, supervised work designed to give workers experience in a career. These workers are called interns. • Apprenticeships are designed to prepare someone for a professional-level career and typically include an entry-level salary. These workers are often called apprentices. Chapter 16

  15. Lesson 16-3 Investigating Salaries and comparing Jobs In this Lesson You Will: 1. Learn about hourly versus annual salaries and compare salaries using online sources. 2. Compare jobs by scoring your job descriptions. Chapter 16

  16. Does this Salary Fit You? • A salary is the money an employee receives in exchange for doing a job. • An offer is the salary an employer agrees to pay. • A counteroffer is your alternate proposal for a salary with which you would be satisfied. • A salary range is the difference between an initial low salary and the highest possible salary that a company will pay for a job. • Salaries are listed by an hourly rate (payment for each hour worked) or an annual rate(payment for the year). Chapter 16

  17. Digital Snapshot: Salary and Benefit Options • When calculating a total salary, you have many things to consider. • Does the job offer paid holidays, or paid time off (PTO)? • Does the job offer benefits, such as health care or matching investments into a retirement account? • The “extras” constitute what is called a salary package, or a combination of salary plus benefits. • Employees who receive an annual salary are often called salaried employees. Normally, they are not paid for overtime, but they may receive bonuses. Hourly employees can work overtime, or hours in addition to their normal weekly work. Many of these hours receive overtime pay, often 50% more than the normal rate, or “time-and-a-half.” Chapter 16

  18. Compare Potential Jobs • When looking for a job, you may have to analyze dozens of job descriptions. • Use a scoring system to help you identify those jobs that interest you and for which you are prepared. • A scoring system will help you compare one job description with another and help screen jobs that do not make sense for you. Chapter 16