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4 . Built-In Self Test (BIST): Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field PowerPoint Presentation
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4 . Built-In Self Test (BIST): Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field

4 . Built-In Self Test (BIST): Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field

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4 . Built-In Self Test (BIST): Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field

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  1. Reference Unit Under Test Data Generator Data Compressor Comparator Display BIST Controller Start/Stop Ready Electronic System 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.1 General Structure

  2. 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.2 Pattern Generator General Structure of an “n-1” Stage Linear Feedback Shift Register (LFSR).

  3. 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.2 Pattern Generator Example of a 4-Bit LFSR as a Pattern Generator. Pseudorandom States Generated by the LFSR.

  4. 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.3Signature Generator Serial r-Bit (Internal XOR) Signature Generator. The content of the LFSR is the remainder of the division operation.

  5. 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.3 Signature Generator Serial r-Bit (External XOR) Signature Generator. The content of the LFSR is not the remainder of the division operation.

  6. 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.3 Signature Generator Serial Example of a 4-Bit (External) Signature Generator.

  7. 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.3 Signature Generator Parallel r-Bit (Internal XOR) ParallelSignature Generator. The content of the LFSR is not the remainder of the division operation. r-Bit (External XOR) ParallelSignature Generator. The content of the LFSR isthe remainder of the division operation.

  8. Serial input Parallel input 2k-r – 1 2r – 1 2mL- r – 1 2mL – 1 Where: K: length of the sequence (# of bits) r: length of the LFSR (# of bits) Where: L: length of the sequence (# of test vectors) m: length of a vector (# of bits) r: length of the LFSR (# of bits) 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.3 Signature Generator Problem: When compacting results, there is a probability of fault masking! Probability of failing to detect an error in the response sequence:

  9. 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.4 Example: 8-bit-Length Datapath

  10. 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.4 Example: 8-bit-Length Datapath

  11. 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.4 Example: 8-bit-Length Datapath Signature Generator (External XOR). Parallel Pattern Generator (External XOR): all inputs Z’s equal to “0”.

  12. 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.5 Built-In Logic Block Observer (BILBO) Example of a “BILBO” structure.

  13. 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.5 Built-In Logic Block Observer (BILBO) Modular Bus-Oriented Design with “BILBO”.

  14. 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.6 Transparent BIST for Memory Test Transparent Built-In Self Test is a test algorithm that is periodically executed on the field in order to verify the integrity of large amounts of criticaldata stored on mass memory systems

  15. 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.6 Transparent BIST for Memory Test Main characteristics: a)Minimum area overhead: this approach is one of the best choices found in the literature in terms of area overhead and types of faults detected in memory structures. E.g., authors claim an area overhead of 1.2% due to the inclusion of Transparent BIST in a 128Kbytes X 8bytes SRAM (this value decreases as the RAM size increases).

  16. 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.6 Transparent BIST for Memory Test Main characteristics: b)High capability of fault detection: by indicating the occurrence of stuck-at faults, transition faults,coupling faults, decoder faults and read/write logic faults.

  17. 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.6 Transparent BIST for Memory Test Main characteristics: c)Short “down times”: that are periodically required to check the functionality of mass memory systems used in real-time applications. The Transparent BIST approach presents the incomparable advantage of preserving the contents of the RAM memory after testing. Thus, this approach is very suitable for periodic testing since we do not need to save the memory contents before the test session and to restore them at the end of this session.

  18.  execution time Table 1. Algorithm for Transparent BIST. 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.6 Transparent BIST for Memory Test

  19.  execution time Table 2. Signature Prediction Algorithm. 4. Built-In Self Test (BIST):Periodical Off-Line Test on the Field • 4.6 Transparent BIST for Memory Test • Note that the data read during the execution of sequences S1’ through S4’ of the signature prediction algorithm (Table 2) are sometimes inverted in order to match the data read during the execution of sequences S1 through S4 of the Transparent BIST (Table 1).