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Social Psychology PowerPoint Presentation
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Social Psychology

Social Psychology

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Social Psychology

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    1. Social Psychology The thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of individuals as shaped by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others Norman Triplett (1897): first social psychological experiment (social facilitation) Centered around cities at first why?

    2. What do men and women look for in a partner? Women look for: Record of achievement Leadership qualities Skill at his job Earning potential Sense of humor Intellectual ability Attentiveness Common sense Athletic ability Good abstract reasoning Men look for: Physical Attractiveness Ability in bed Warmth and affection Social skill Homemaking ability Dress sense Sensitivity to others needs Good taste Moral perception Artistic creativity

    3. Theories of Attraction Reward Theory Physical Attractiveness Balance Theory: attitude similarity leads to attraction Proximity/Mere Exposure Effect: functional distance how often do paths cross Sociobiology

    4. Styles of Love Hendrick and Hendrick: Love has different meaning to different people Six styles of loving Eros: Passionate Love Ludus: Game Playing Love Storge: Friendship Love Pragma: Logical Love Mania: Dependent Love Agape: Selfless Love

    5. Dealing with Dissatisfaction Rusboldt and Zimbrodt identified 4 general responses Exit: ending or actively abusing the relationship Voice: actively attempting to improve conditions Loyalty: passively waiting for things to improve Neglect: passively allowing the relationship to deteriorate Two dimensions: constructive/destructive and active/passive

    6. Obedience to Authority Stanley Milgram: investigating behavior of individuals during time of Holocaust Emphasized the power of the situation Fundamental Attribution Error When allowed to stop as soon as they wanted to, people stopped between 45-60 volts

    7. Other Researchers Hofling (1969): all but 1 of 22 nurses were ready to comply with a physicians order to administer an obvious overdose of a drug! 1977 Replication: lower level of compliance. Used a familiar drug and gave nurses a chance to consult someone else

    8. Reactance Sometimes we do say no! Reactance is a motive to protect or restore ones sense of freedom and self-efficacy Romeo and Juliet Effect

    9. Aggression Physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt others Homicide rates have consistently dropped in the U.S. in the last ten years Although they did increase 1% in 2002 We still have the highest rate in Western society (16,204 in 2002) 18-24 year olds have the highest victimization and offending rates (this wasnt true until the 1980s) Rates are highest in Southern Regions (worst rate is West South Central)

    10. Aggression in the South Why are homicide rates higher? In the abstract, southerners do not support violence more than northerners However, they are more likely to endorse violence as a means of self-protection, as an appropriate response to insults, and as a socialization tool for training children Culture of honor, herding societies in SW (must protect herds)

    11. Television and Violence Average child sees 100,000 acts of violence and 8,000 murders before the end of elementary school 58% of TV programs contain violence 73% of these shows indicate no remorse or penalties for violence Rate of violence: 5-6 incidents per hour during primetime; 20-25 Saturday mornings Children's interest in shows increases if rated parental discretion advised

    12. Influences on Aggression Frustration/strong emotion Alcohol usage is a factor in 2/3 of homicides, and 1/3 of all rapes Pain Crowding Temperature (92 degrees and higher) Pornography