Bellringer • Look over your dream journal • Do you see any patterns? Did you have the same dream or type of dream more than once? Do you think your dreams mean something? Pick one dream or aspect of a dream and explain what you think it means.
Dreams • If woken from REM dreaming reported 78% of the time • If woken from NREM dreaming reported 14% of the time • Most of the time people do not know they are dreaming • Lucid dreams-awareness of dreaming (not common)
Dream theories1. Wish Fulfillment • Psychoanalytic theory of Sigmund Freud • Dreams are disguised wishes of the unconscious mind • Dreams constructed to express desires in confusing symbolic manner to protect dreamer
2. Off-line dream theory • Dreaming stores information gathered during the day to allow the brain to work more efficiently • People spend more time in REM sleep after learning difficult material • Less learning occurs if denied REM sleep
3. Activation –synthesis theory • Dreams are the forebrain’s attempt to interpret random neural activity coming from the midbrain during sleep • Content related to your daily experiences but dreams have no real hidden meaning
Interpret your dreamshttp://www.dreammoods.com/ • Assignment: • Find three interesting facts about dreams (not your dreams-dreams in general) • Look up the meaning of 10 different objects or actions in your dream • Write a paragraph about your findings. Do you think they are true? Why/why not?