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  1. Team Leader Training Programs Ontario Search and RescueVolunteer Association

  2. Programs Objectives • Definition • National SAR Program • SAR domains • Organizations and agencies involved in SAR • SAR in Ontario

  3. Definition Search and Rescue (SAR) is defined as the combined activities and tasks involved in both searching for and rescuing persons who are feared to be in distress. Many searches do not involve rescue and many rescues do not require searches.

  4. National SAR Program • Shared Responsibility • Horizontal Program • Lead Minister for SAR (LMSAR) • Public Safety Canada • National SAR Secretariat (NSS) • Search and Rescue Volunteer Association of Canada (SARVAC) • Department of National Defence/Canadian Forces (DND/CF) • Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) • Parks Canada • Provinces, Territories & Municipalities • GSAR Volunteers

  5. National SAR Program

  6. SAR Domains Aeronautical Military

  7. SAR Domains Aeronautical Civil Air Search and Rescue Association

  8. SAR Domains Maritime Canadian Coast Guard

  9. SAR Domains Maritime Canadian Coast Guard Auxiliary

  10. SAR Domains Ground and Inland Waters

  11. SAR Regions

  12. SAR in Ontario Ontario Provincial Police

  13. SAR in Ontario Municipal Police Services

  14. SAR in Ontario Parks Canada Visitor Safety

  15. SAR in Ontario Canadian Forces

  16. SAR in Ontario Canadian Coast Guard & Canadian Coast Guard Auxililary

  17. SAR in Ontario GSAR Volunteers

  18. Questions

  19. Team Leader Training Incident Command System (ICS) Incident Command System (ICS) Ontario Search and RescueVolunteer Association

  20. Incident Command System Objectives • Definition • Overview of ICS structure • Review the 5 major organizational activities within ICS • Discuss in detail the organization and functions of the Operations Section • Discuss the role of the team leader within the ICS structure

  21. Definition The Incident Command System is a standardized, on scene, all hazard incident management concept.

  22. Overview

  23. Basic Features • Standardization • Command • Planning/Organization Structure • Facilities and Resources • Communications/Information Management • Professionalism

  24. Five Management Functions

  25. Command

  26. Command

  27. Operations Section

  28. Operations Section

  29. Planning Section

  30. Planning Section

  31. Logistics Section

  32. Logistics Section

  33. Finance/Administration Section

  34. Finance/Administration Section

  35. Team Leader

  36. Team Leader • Ensures safe work practices • Communicates by giving specific instructions and asking for feedback • Supervises the scene of action • Understands and accepts the need to modify plans or instructions • Takes command of assigned resources • Motivates with a “can do safely” attitude • Demonstrates initiative by taking action

  37. Questions

  38. Team Leader Training Roles and Responsibilities of a Team Leader Roles and Responsibilities

  39. Roles and Responsibilities Objectives • Command and Control • Leadership • Technical Competence • Administration and Logistics

  40. Command and Control • Respect the chain of command • Control communications with command and other units • Ensure that team members are aware of reporting relationships within the team, between teams and from team to command

  41. Leadership • Oversee the safety of team members! • Lead by example • Ensure each member is capable, both mentally and physically, to perform assigned tasks • Ensure each member possesses required skills and knowledge to perform assigned tasks • Ensure each member is equipped with the required gear to perform assigned task • Assign roles to team members • Be able to direct and redirect searchers • Monitor searchers (fatigue, hydration & condition) • Oversee the safety of team members!

  42. Technical Competence • Conduct team briefing • Determine critical distance and establish critical separation • Control the search line or search pattern utilized and make changes as required • Investigate any clues found • Scribe/record as required • Establish the POD of the area in collaboration with team members • Conduct team debriefing

  43. Administration and Logistics • Ensure team members sign in • Sign out equipment as required • Confirm that team members are in possession of all personal equipment (24 hour packs) • Arrange for extra water, if required • Ensure team members receive meals, if provided • Sign in equipment as required • Ensure team members sign out

  44. Questions

  45. Legal Requirements Objectives • Health and safety legislation and policies • Duties of workers and supervisors • Legal duties and obligations of a team leader • SAR organization policies and procedures • Reporting unsafe conditions • Safety priorities (use of safety equipment) • Unsafe behavior (awareness, identification, mitigating & reporting)

  46. Legal Requirements Objectives – Legal Requirements (cont’d) • Legal and civil/human rights • Concepts of being a witness • Privacy legislation • Freedom of information • Identification and credentials • Policies or requirments for records checks

  47. Team Leader Awareness • A team leader must be aware of • Variety of federal and/or provincial legislation • The policies of the lead jurisdictional agency • Volunteer GSAR organization

  48. Team Leader Awareness • Team leaders must be aware of the importance of protecting the health and safety of team members • Workers in Ontario are familiar with the concepts and requirements of Ontario’s Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) • However OHSA does not apply to volunteers

  49. Team Leader Awareness • Some or all sections of the Act, such as the right to refuse unsafe work, also DO NOT apply to most lead agencies • This includes the police, fire departments, Coast Guard, military SAR teams and EMS • Volunteers working with these organizations should be aware that such organizations have their own specific legislation, policies and procedures regarding their work

  50. Team Leader Awareness • Actions of SAR team leaders may however be subject to other legislation • Criminal Code of Canada Section 217.1 regarding the “Duty of Persons Directing Work”, which states: “Everyone who undertakes, or has the authority to direct how another person does work or performs a task is under a legal duty to take reasonable steps to prevent bodily harm to that person, or any other person, arising from that work or task.”