Creating a New Nation The Road to Revolution 1763-1776 Section 1
Tighter British Control • Proclamation of 1763 – King George III • Colonists could not settle beyond the Appalachian Mountains. • Colonists wanted to move westward to speculate. (buy as investment) • Quartering Act – colonists to house 10,000 soldiers. • Colonists feared Parliament’s control.
British Tighter Controls • Debt from French and Indian War. • Sugar Act 1765 – tax on sugar and molasses shipped to the colonies. • Stamp Act 1765 – tax on all legal and commercial documents. • Colonists – no taxes without their consent.
Colonist Defy Parliament • “No taxation without representation” • Patrick Henry – member of Virginia House of Burgesses demanded resistance. • Stamp Act Congress – 1765 – 9 colonies united in drafting a protest to the king. • Sons of Liberty – secret society opposing British policies.
Colonist Defy Parliament • Colonists protested by boycotting. • Refusal to buy British goods. • Stamp was repealed in 1766. • Colonists celebrated but arguments had just begun • http://www.pbs.org/ktca/liberty/
Essential Questions • Why were the colonists threatened by Parliament’s new laws? • How did the colonists react when Parliament took over the assemblies power to tax? • Why did Parliament pass new laws governing the colonies? • How did the colonist oppose the new acts?