Exampleswith ‘is being’ or‘are being’: Theair is beingpolluted. Our city streets are beingdamaged. Ourwatersupply is beingdepleted. PRESENT CONTINUOUS PASSIVE: Used to describe na actionthat is in progressnow. SUBJECT IS/ARE BEING PAST PARTICIPLE
Exampleswith ‘hasbeen’ or ‘havebeen’ Theroadwayshavebeenjammed... Many parks havebeenlost... Thehomelesshavebeendisplaced... PRESENT PERFECT PASSIVE: Used to describesomethingthatstartedbeforethepresent (theexact time isn’timportant). SUBJECT HAVE/HAS BEEN PAST PASTICIPLE
What’sthe cause oftheproblem? >> Theair is beingpolluedby fumes... >> Theroadwayshavebeenjammedbecauseofpeople’sdependanceoncars. >> Manycarshavebeenlostthroughoverbuilding. >> Thehomelesshavebeendisplacedfrom city sheltersdue to overcrowding. >> Ourfreshwatersupply is beingdepletedthroughoverusebypeoplewhodon’t conserve. PREPOSITION + CAUSE
ACTIVE PASSIVE (P. Cont.) Airpollutionis threateningthehealthofpeople. SUBJECTVERB(P. CONT.)OBJECT Thehealthofpeopleis beingthreatenedbyairpollution. SUBJECTVERB (P. CONT. PASSIVE) PREP. + OBJECT
ACTIVE PASSIVE (P. Perf. Passive) Overbuildinghavelostmany parks. (through) SUBJECT VERB (P. PERF.) OBJECT Many parks havebeenlostthroughoverbuilding. SUBJECTVERB (P. PERF. PAS.) PREP. + OBJECT
InfinitiveClausesandPhrases Onethingto do about it isto talk to thecompany’s management. Anotherwayto stopthemisto get a TV station to run a story. Thebestwaysto fight HIV areto do more researchandeducatepeople. ONE THING/ANOTHER WAY/ THE BEST WAYS + INFINITIVE + IS/ARE + INFINITIVE.