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Indian Subcontinent

Indian Subcontinent

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Indian Subcontinent

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  1. South Asia Indian Subcontinent

  2. Very Troubled Giant Top 10 Populated Countries China1,270,000,000 India1,030,000,000 United States281,421,906 Indonesia 224,784,210 Brazil 172,860,370 Russia 146,001,176 Pakistan 141,553,775 Bangladesh 129,194,224 Japan 126,549,976 Nigeria 123,337,822 Los Angeles Times March 29, 2001 • Bulging population • Limited resources • Many Cultural and Religious conflicts • Economic Inequities

  3. All of these things combine to hamper this region in its economic and social progress • All of these help create Political instability for most countries in the region

  4. BE DE AE (define)

  5. South Asia-BE • Indus river civilization-Hinduism-Caste system is established • Birth of Siddhartha …Buddha 6th century B.C. • 900’s Islam diffuses into and through this region, by 1300’s the Punjab region is almost totally Muslim Islam appealed to the Hindus of the lower levels of the Caste system.

  6. South Asia-DE -British gain control of the European spice, cotton, silk, and tea trade -British East India Company -- All intra- asia trade -The company was the Governing Administration Very Ineffective - Corrupt

  7. 1857-Sepoy Rebellion-British Government takes over Administration of India as a colony- The Raj = rule until 1947

  8. British Economic Exploitation • Typical=as in the US • Changed India from a manufacturing country (exporting=profit) to a country that exported raw materials

  9. Imported finished (manufactured) goods- • Increased costs hurt farmers the most-majority of the populations were farmers

  10. British Economic Exploitation (cont.) • British attempted to end the caste system- Still exists • British could not unify the subcontinent (South Asia) • Because the government attempted to meet agreements made by the British

  11. East India Company=these agreements -Created 600 sovereign territories -Small territories had “advisers”

  12. British Economic Exploitation (cont.) • Large ones had commissioners or Governors who would give and receive information-mandates-Laws, etc. from the “Viceroy of India”

  13. Who had to communicate needs-concern to and from parliament • British colonization had its positive influences also • Creation of the “Great Indian Railroad” highway system

  14. Positive influences of British colonization • Irrigation canals • Increased education • Stopped “suttee” Female Infanticide (child) arranged marriages “Caste System”

  15. After Europeans • A.E. India becomes a federal State (1947) 23 states 7 Union Territories Lingua Franca = English Pakistan is created - Islamic Republic

  16. GANDHI

  17. Major Religions India Pakistan Hindu 85+ % Muslim 92% Muslim 11% Christian 1% Sikh 2%

  18. Although India occupies only 2.4% of the world's land area, it supports over 16% of the world's population. Currently it is the second most populous nation on Earth, though if current trends persist, India will replace China as the most populous nation in less than 40 years. Almost 40% of Indians are younger than 15 years of age. More than 70% of the people live in more than 550,000 villages, and the remainder in more than 200 towns and cities.

  19. India-demography.png‎ (20KB, MIME type: image/png)

  20. Centrifugal -VS- Centripetal Forces Define Centrifugal- Centripetal- Centrifugal forces in India- Caste System Mixed Religions Economic Inequities Poor communication Transportation system

  21. Centrifugal -VS- Centripetal Low Educational level Many languages- 20 plus different dialects Population Agricultural based economy Monsoons

  22. Centripetal Forces in India- Caste system Hinduism-philosophy of life as much as religion Communication system- better than most Disadvantaged, underdeveloped -1947 opposition to British rule was Ghandi, Nehru

  23. God, life, universe, nature are cyclic- non-linear *What you practice in life is more important than what you claim to believe Hinduism

  24. Hinduism One of two oldest religions in the world (Judaism) 5000 years old No 1 God- many different gods- 3000 example- creation, preservation, destruction: forest fire, seasons God is revealed in all of life

  25. Hinduism (cont.) *Because this is a way of life in India, there cannot be a separation of church and government *Places of worship-usually in the home -some temples in India -Hari Krishna as close as you can find in the U.S.

  26. *Karma-refers to that which one does -This determines your status of rebirth *Moksha the ultimate goal of India religion is to stop the cycle of rebirth, “to achieve release”( The same as Buddhism’s “Nirvana”)

  27. Anapurna

  28. Hinduism (cont.) • “Caste” system- List points from reading • Understand the link between this and Hinduism • Ayurveda-Ayurvedic healing/medicine • Has a growing following today in the U.S. -Deepak Chopra

  29. Define: Using ones Mind, body type, diet and exercise to maintain health and to heal. (Body as a pharmacy) • (Search “Deepak Chopra lecture Youtube’,,,one on one)