News Report This lesson you need to collect information on the Gulf of Mexico oil spill to help you write your own news bulletin. Make sure you collect information on: • causes of the oil spill • consequences of the oil spill (try to classify them into social, economic and environmental) AND include as many facts and figures as possible.
Why did the oil spill happen? • On 20 April 2010, eleven workers died following an explosion on the Deepwater Horizon oil-drilling rig, situated in deep water in the Gulf of Mexico, several hundred kilometres south of the coast of Mississippi and Alabama. • The explosion led to a number of leaks in a pipeline on the sea bed, around 1.5km below the surface. • http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-10848147
How to stop an oil spill? None of these methods worked. Eventually on July 15 they managed to stop the oil by putting a cap over the leak then filling the pipe and oil reservoir with mud and cement.
Economic Impacts • Cancellations of holidays affects tourism industry but hotels found an increase in the numbers of visitors due to visiting journalists/people dealing with oil spill problem. Impact of the oil spill on tourism would cost approx. $23bn over the next 3 years. • Housing market has also declined.
Social impacts • Chemicals from oil and dispersant believed to have caused illness including dizziness, vomiting and headaches for people working at the site and living along the coast. • Long term mental health effects could also be a problem.
Environmental impacts • Oil slicks hit wildlife reserves along the Louisiana coast. • 400 different species of animals living in the area affected by the spill: 464 sea turtles and 60 dolphins were found dead. • Habitats lost as plants die. • Effects of the spill could last for decades
The aftermath • Investigation into causes and management of oil spill by US government. • Clean up operation still continues. • BP have spent over $150 million promoting the area to tourists • $82 million has been given to the fishing industry to help them recover
News report • In pairs you need to prepare a 2 minute news report on the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. • You can base it at the time of the oil spill or look back on the oil spill from today. • Try to include as much information as possible including facts and figures. • You will present this next lesson and it will be peer assessed.