Download
radioactive decay n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Radioactive Decay PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Radioactive Decay

Radioactive Decay

360 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Radioactive Decay

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Radioactive Decay Nucleus - protons are arranged in -neutrons a pattern

  2. Atoms whose nucleus is to large will emit an alpha particle 4 2 He If the number of neutrons is to high the neutron will convert into a proton and an electron and emit a Beta particle 0 1

  3. n • Neutron proton + electron

  4. Some atoms can decay and change into different atoms. This is called Transmutation • Radioactivity- Aluminum will always be Aluminum and Iron will always be Iron However

  5. Radioactivity is both a sign and a measure of the instability of atoms • 1. If the nucleus is unstable 1. 2. • 2. The nucleus will emit rays or particles to gain stability. • These rays or particles are called Alpha Beta Gamma

  6. Particles that decay are called radioactive • 112 elements • 270 stable isotopes • 2000 unstable isotopes • These isotopes want to become stable • How?

  7. Half Life • The amount of time it takes half of the unstable nuclei of a sample to decay into a more stable nuclei.

  8. Half life • Each radioactive element has an unique half-life and may serve as a fingerprint for identifying radioactive material.

  9. What happens when radiation interacts with living things? • Depends on the energy of the radiation

  10. Electromagnetic Spectrum Ionizing radiation Non-ionizing radiation

  11. Electromagnetic radiation

  12. Non-ionizing Radiation • This low energy radiation does not have enough energy to do damage on the molecular level. • It does have enough energy to do damage on the cellular level. • Example would be Ultra-violet radiation and skin sunburns.

  13. Ionizing radiation • Highest energy and greatest potential for harm (x-ray, gamma ray, Alpha, beta) • This high energy knocks off electrons to create ions. • These ions rob electrons from nucleic acids or proteins to become stable. • These robbed nucleic acids or proteins become cancer and mutations