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  1. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs Lesson 2 Joseph C. Blumenthal

  2. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs • One or more helping verbs (sometimes called auxiliaryverbs) are often used with the main verb to express our meaning more exactly. The ropewillbreak. The helping verb used with break to make its meaning more exact is _____.

  3. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs • One or more helping verbs (sometimes called auxiliaryverbs) are often used with the main verb to express our meaning more exactly. The ropewillbreak. The helping verb used with break to make its meaning more exact is _will_.

  4. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs Marycan rescue the child. Maryshould rescue the child. The meaning of the first sentence changes when we change the helping verb from can to ______.

  5. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs Marycan rescue the child. Maryshould rescue the child. The meaning of the first sentence changes when we change the helping verb from can to should.

  6. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs a. Mary settled the argument. b. Mary could have settled the argument. In sentence a, the main verb is used by itself. In sentence b, two helping verbs have been added to change its meaning— _____ and ______.

  7. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs a. Marysettled the argument. b. Marycouldhave settled the argument. In sentence a, the main verb is used by itself. In sentence b, two helping verbs have been added to change its meaning— could and have.

  8. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs Learn to recognize these important helping verbs: can, shall, will would, should, could may, might, must Vera _________ study. Could each of these helping verbs be used with the main verb study? (Yes, No)

  9. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs Learn to recognize these important helping verbs: can, shall, will would, should, could may, might, must Vera _________ study. Could each of these helping verbs be used with the main verb study? (Yes,No)

  10. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs The three verbs below may serve as either main verbs or helping verbs. be (is, am, are—was, were, been) have (has, had) do (does, did) Which verb has the largest number of forms? ______

  11. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs The three verbs below may serve as either main verbs or helping verbs. be (is, am, are—was, were, been) have (has, had) do (does, did) Which verb has the largest number of forms? __ be__

  12. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs a. The weatheris bad. b. The weatherisimproving. In one sentence is serves as the main verb; in the other, as a helping verb. Does is serve as a helping verb in sentence a or b?

  13. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs a. The weatheris bad. b. The weatherisimproving. In one sentence is serves as the main verb; in the other, as a helping verb. Does is serve as a helping verb in sentence a or b?

  14. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs a. Ihave brought my camera along. b. Ihave my camera with me. Is have used as a helping verb in sentence a or b?

  15. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs a. I havebrought my camera along. b. Ihave my camera with me. Is have used as a helping verb in sentence a or b?

  16. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs a. We did the dishes. b. Yes, we did washthe dishes. Is did used as a helping verb in sentence a or b?

  17. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs a. We did the dishes. b. Yes, we didwashthe dishes. Is did used as a helping verb in sentence a or b?

  18. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs • Ihave studied my lesson. • Ishould have studied my lesson. • Ishould have been studying my lesson. In which sentence does the verb have the largest number of helping verbs?

  19. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs • Ihave studied my lesson. • Ishould have studied my lesson. • Ishouldhavebeen studying my lesson. In which sentence does the verb have the largest number of helping verbs?

  20. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs The driver should have been watching the road. The three helping verbs in this frame are _______, ______, and ______.

  21. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs The drivershouldhavebeenwatching the road. The three helping verbs in this frame are should, have, and been.

  22. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs The complete verb in any sentence includes the main verb plus whatever helping verbs it may have. The driver should have been watching the road. The complete verb in this sentence consists of (how many?) words.

  23. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs The complete verb in any sentence includes the main verb plus whatever helping verbs it may have. The drivershouldhavebeenwatching the road. The complete verb in this sentence consists of four words.

  24. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs We shall now, for a moment, need to turn our attention to adverbs, which most commonly modify verbs. Thishashappened frequently. Because frequently modifies the verb hashappened, it is an _______.

  25. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs We shall now, for a moment, need to turn our attention to adverbs, which most commonly modify verbs. Thishashappenedfrequently. Because frequently modifies the verb hashappened, it is an adverb.

  26. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs • Thishashappenedfrequently. • Thishasfrequentlyhappened. In which sentence does the adverb frequently break into or interrupt the verb?

  27. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs • This has happened frequently. • Thishasfrequentlyhappened. In which sentence does the adverb frequently break into or interrupt the verb? b

  28. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs • This enginewillimmediatelystart in the coldest weather. • This engine will startimmediatelyin the coldest weather. In which sentence does the adverb come between the main verb and its helper?

  29. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs • This enginewillimmediatelystart in the coldest weather. • This enginewillstartimmediatelyin the coldest weather. In which sentence does the adverb come between the main verb and its helper? a

  30. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs Oneshould immediately try artificial respiration. What adverb comes between the main verb and its helper?

  31. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs One shouldimmediatelytry artificial respiration. What adverb comes between the main verb and its helper? immediately

  32. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs There is something else besides adverbs that can separate a main verb from its helper. STATEMENT: Judycan drive. QUESTION: CanJudydrive? The verb can drive is interrupted in the (statement, question).

  33. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs There is something else besides adverbs that can separate a main verb from its helper. STATEMENT: Judycan drive. QUESTION:CanJudydrive? The verb can drive is interrupted in the (statement, question).

  34. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs STATEMENT: Dad will want the car tonight. QUESTION: Will Dad want the car tonight? The verb will want is interrupted in the (statement, question).

  35. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs STATEMENT: Dad will want the car tonight. QUESTION:Will Dad want the car tonight? The verb will want is interrupted in the (statement, question).

  36. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs Most of the questions we ask begin with a helping verb. • Will this pen write? • Is the water boiling? • Who borrowed my book? • Does tom like spinach? Which is the only one of the above questions that does NOT begin with a helping verb?

  37. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs Most of the questions we ask begin with a helping verb. • Will this pen write? • Is the water boiling? • Who borrowed my book? • Does Tom like spinach? Which is the only one of the above questions that does NOT begin with a helping verb?

  38. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs A helping verb at the beginning of a sentence is the signal that a question is coming. • Will this penwrite? • DoesTomlike spinach? In each of these questions, we find the subject between the two parts of the _________.

  39. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs A helping verb at the beginning of a sentence is the signal that a question is coming. • Will this penwrite? • DoesTomlike spinach? In each of these questions, we find the subject between the two parts of the __Verb__.

  40. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs Does this key fit? The verb in this sentence consists of the two words ____________ ___________.

  41. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs Does this keyfit? The verb in this sentence consists of the two words ___Does____ ____fit_____.

  42. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs Must the tire be changed? The verb in this sentence consists of the three words _______ _________ _________.

  43. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs Must the tirebe changed? The verb in this sentence consists of the three words ___Must ____ ____be ____ ___changed____.

  44. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs Sometimes, for emphasis, we put the verb ahead of its subject. • The raincame down. • Down came the rain. In which sentence does the verb precede the subject?

  45. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs Sometimes, for emphasis, we put the verb ahead of its subject. • The raincame down. • Down came the rain. In which sentence does the verb precede the subject? b.

  46. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs You are more likely to select the right subject if you look for the verb first. Out jumped the rabbit. After you find the verb jumped, ask yourself, “Who or what jumped?” The answer will always tell you the subject. The subject of this sentence is _________

  47. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs You are more likely to select the right subject if you look for the verb first. Out jumped the rabbit. After you find the verb jumped, ask yourself, “Who or whatjumped?” The answer will always tell you the subject. The subject of this sentence is rabbit

  48. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs This story the class really enjoyed. First find the verb.

  49. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs This story the class really enjoyed. First find the verb – enjoyed.

  50. A Closer Look at Subjects and Verbs This story the class really enjoyed. First find the verb – enjoyed. Then ask yourself, “Who or what enjoyed?” The subject of this sentence is