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ABA Composition. Music in Different Forms. In Beethoven Copy Cat you looked at a piece by Beethoven which was written using the form aa’ba’. Music can be written in different forms. On the next slide you will hear and see a folk song of the Inuit peoples. This piece has three phrases.
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Music in Different Forms • In Beethoven Copy Cat you looked at a piece by Beethoven which was written using the form aa’ba’. Music can be written in different forms. On the next slide you will hear and see a folk song of the Inuit peoples. This piece has three phrases. • Answer the following questions • How many measures are in each phrase? • Are any of the phrases alike? • What is the form of the piece?
Answers: • How many measures are in each phrase? There are four measures in each phrase • Are any of the phrases alike? The first and the last phrase are the same • What is the form of the piece? The form is “aba”
Analyzing the Phrases Notice that the first two measures of the phrase use the same rhythmic figure. Phrase a As well they have the same melodic movement. Notice that the first five notes of each measure are the same and the last note of each measure moves by a skip of a third. C(D)E D(E)F
Repeating a motif such as beginning on a different note is known as a sequence. Composers frequently use sequences in their compositions. Can you find a sequence in Phrase b of this song? Motif Motif – repeated a step lower That’s right! The motif in measure 1&2 is repeated a step lower in measures 3&4.
Motifs – different variations We have seen how motifs can be varied by beginning on a higher or lower note. Motifs can also be turned upside down. Look at the following examples: Notice that in the first motif the skip at the end is an ascending skip of a third. In the second example the skip of a third goes down.
Composition Assignment • In this composition assignment you are will compose a piece in ABA form using the following guidelines • Use any notes from the C major scale & any rhythms which we have learned so far. • Write a four measure A phrase – repeat the motif of measure 1 in measure 2 beginning on a different note. • Write a four-measure B phrase. Create a motif in measure 1 & 2 and repeat it as a sequence in measure 3 & 4. If you wish, you may create an inverted sequence.